Water filtration — maynard, ma

WATER FILTRATION MAYNARD

WATER FILTRATION IN MAYNARD, MASSACHUSETTS

WATER FILTRATION IN MAYNARD

As a res­i­dent of May­nard, MA, you like­ly have the town sup­ply­ing water to your home with water but may have a pri­vate well, both of which may ben­e­fit from water fil­tra­tion.  As is the case with many wells and water sup­plies in Mass­a­chu­setts, there are cer­tain com­mon con­t­a­m­i­nants that find their way into the water sup­ply.  Lat­er in this write-up, spe­cif­ic con­t­a­m­i­nants that are com­mon­ly found in May­nard pri­vate wells and the pub­lic water sup­ply are iden­ti­fied and effec­tive reme­di­a­tion meth­ods are cov­ered.  Excel­lent water qual­i­ty is achiev­able with the prop­er approach.

Accord­ing to the most recent avail­able Annu­al Water Qual­i­ty Report, Maynard’s drink­ing water comes from sev­en ground­wa­ter sources. Wells #1–4 are con­struct­ed in sand and grav­el deposits that over­lie bedrock. These wells are 40–70 feet deep and are locat­ed in the south­ern half of May­nard. The remain­ing three wells, #5 -7, are approx­i­mate­ly 400 feet deep into bedrock and are locat­ed in the north­ern half of May­nard. White Pond, a sur­face water sup­ply locat­ed in Hud­son and Stow, is no longer in ser­vice; how­ev­er it remains avail­able as an emer­gency back­up sup­ply

For a link to the Annu­al Water Qual­i­ty Report for the town of May­nard, see the link at Annu­al Water Qual­i­ty Report

 

RECENT NOTIFICATION REGARDING TRIHALOMETHANES

Tri­halomethanes (THM) are a group of four chem­i­cals that are formed along with oth­er dis­in­fec­tion by prod­ucts when chlo­rine or oth­er dis­in­fec­tants used to con­trol micro­bial con­t­a­m­i­nants in drink­ing water react with nat­u­ral­ly occur­ring organ­ic and inor­gan­ic mat­ter in water.  For more detailed infor­ma­tion on THM, see the link at Tri­halomethanes.  The use of chlo­rine to dis­in­fect water for the pur­pose of drink­ing pro­duces low lev­els of var­i­ous dis­in­fec­tion by-prod­ucts with the tri­halomethanes and haloacetic acids being the most com­mon. The tri­halomethanes and haloacetic acids have demon­strat­ed car­cino­genic activ­i­ty in lab­o­ra­to­ry ani­mals.  Stud­ies have been pub­lished which report­ed asso­ci­a­tions between THMs and blad­der and colon can­cer, and adverse preg­nan­cy out­comes includ­ing mis­car­riage, birth defects and low birth weight.

EFFECTIVE REMOVAL OF THMs WITH WATER FILTRATION

To effec­tive­ly remove THMs from your drink­ing water sup­ply, a prop­er­ly installed car­bon water fil­tra­tion sys­tem will work.  The typ­i­cal sys­tem can be installed either at the point of entry into your home with a tank filled with car­bon or a small­er sys­tem, ded­i­cat­ed only to drink­ing water can be installed under a kitchen sink or oth­er areas to feed a sep­a­rate faucet for drink­ing.  For an even greater lev­el of fil­tra­tion, a reverse osmo­sis sys­tem can be installed to feed a sep­a­rate faucet which has even greater fil­tra­tion capa­bil­i­ties.  For more infor­ma­tion on car­bon fil­tra­tion, see the link at Car­bon fil­tra­tion.  For more infor­ma­tion on reverse osmo­sis, see the link at reverse osmo­sis

Reverse Osmosis Water Filtratrion

Reverse Osmo­sis Purifi­ca­tion Sys­tem installed under sink

 

OTHER POTENTIAL COMMON CONTAMINANTS- typically seen in private wells

Some com­mon issues encoun­tered in May­nard, MA pri­vate wells are man­ganese and iron along with low pH and some­times the health threats radon and arsenic mak­ing their way into the water.  Even in the pub­lic water sup­ply, you may notice symp­toms of iron, man­ganese or low pH in the water.  Hydro­gen Sul­fide is evi­denced typ­i­cal­ly by a rot­ten egg smell in your water, how­ev­er this may also be caused by high Man­ganese lev­els in the water as well.  A water fil­tra­tion specif­i­cal­ly for this prob­lem is effec­tive in cor­rect­ing this.  For a chart of symp­toms, caus­es and solu­tions, see the link at Com­mon Region­al Water Prob­lems

Water filtration for Iron removal

Dis­solved Iron stain­ing the bath tub

Water filtration for low pH

Blue/Green Stain­ing from Dis­solved Cop­per due to low pH of water

If test­ing results for Radon exceed the cur­rent Mass­a­chu­setts guide­line of 10,000 pCi/L (Pico cur­ries per liter) in water, the radon must be removed from the water and it is rec­om­mend­ed test­ing the air for Radon as well.  It should be not­ed that New Hamp­shire requires action if radon is only at 2,000 pCi/L.  Maine and Rhode Island action­able lev­els are at 4,000 pCi/L.  For more infor­ma­tion on radon see the link at http://h2ocare.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/radon-removal-from-well-water-91015.pdf

The max­i­mum allow­able lev­el of Arsenic in drink­ing water per the EPA is .01 mg/L (miligrams per liter) or 10 parts per bil­lion. For more infor­ma­tion on this see the link at http://www.mass.gov/eea/agencies/massdep/water/drinking/arsenic-in-private-well-water-faqs.html

If your home is sup­plied by town water, you may notice odor and taste asso­ci­at­ed with Chlo­rine as this is used for dis­in­fec­tion pur­pos­es by the town to con­trol microor­gan­isms includ­ing bac­te­ria and oth­ers.

Water softener

Water Soft­en­er with Sed­i­ment Fil­tra­tion installed in base­ment

Water Fil­tra­tion Sys­tems

Water fil­tra­tion sys­tems can be installed for the removal of any of the con­t­a­m­i­nants dis­cussed above and more.  Water soft­en­ers are typ­i­cal­ly installed to remove dis­solved iron or man­ganese in the water through a tech­nol­o­gy called Ion Exchange.  Par­tic­u­late iron or man­ganese (which you can see in the water) can be removed with a prop­er­ly sized sed­i­ment fil­tra­tion set up. See more infor­ma­tion on man­ganese in water, see the arti­cle at the fol­low­ing link  Man­ganese in Water Arti­cle in Water Tech­nol­o­gy  For more infor­ma­tion on Iron in Water, see the arti­cle link at Iron Arti­cle in Water Tech­nol­o­gy Mag­a­zine

 

 Arsenic is removed with tanks con­tain­ing a spe­cif­ic media that “grabs” the arsenic out of the water.  Remov­ing radon from water requires a sys­tem in which the water is agi­tat­ed in a sealed cham­ber then vent­ed to the out­side, send­ing the radon gas to ambi­ent air.  Oth­er tech­nolo­gies and sys­tems are used to remove oth­er con­t­a­m­i­nants.  Any water fil­tra­tion sys­tem designed should start with a water test before an informed rec­om­men­da­tion can be made.

Arsenic water filtration

Arsenic removal tanks

Chlo­rine Removal 

Car­bon water fil­tra­tion sys­tems are effec­tive at remov­ing chlo­rine and the asso­ci­at­ed taste and odors that come with it, as well as reverse osmo­sis sys­tems, which incor­po­rate car­bon into the design.  These sys­tems can either be installed at the point of entry in your home, typ­i­cal­ly in the base­ment, or at a point of use for drink­ing water only.

water filtration in Maynard, MA

 

H2O Care is an established, Massachusetts bsaed water filtration and testing firm, formed in 1989.  Our new  Hudson, MA office at 439 Main Street opened in May, 2017.Articles published by the Company can be seen in Water Technology Magazine or linked through the website publications section at http://h2ocare.wpengine.com

 

Water filtration for acton, mass.

Radon in water in Acton, MA

WATER FILTRATION SYSTEM OPTIONS

As a res­i­dent of Acton, MA, you like­ly have the town sup­ply­ing water to your home with water but may have a pri­vate well, both of which may ben­e­fit from water fil­tra­tion.  As is the case with many wells and water sup­plies in Mass­a­chu­setts, there are cer­tain com­mon con­t­a­m­i­nants that find their way into the water sup­ply.  Lat­er in this write-up, spe­cif­ic con­t­a­m­i­nants that are com­mon­ly found in Acton pri­vate wells and the pub­lic water sup­ply are iden­ti­fied and effec­tive reme­di­a­tion meth­ods are cov­ered.  Excel­lent water qual­i­ty is achiev­able with the prop­er approach.

Most res­i­dents in Acton (almost 90 per­cent) receive their water from the Acton Water Dis­trict, which has eleven wells locat­ed in var­i­ous parts of town. These wells draw water from the ground, or ground­wa­ter, and pump it to treat­ment plants, and then on to homes, busi­ness­es, and even your schools.

 

WATER TESTING

Water test in Salem, NH

 WATER TEST

If you have a pri­vate well, water test­ing should be con­duct­ed by an EPA or Mass­a­chu­setts state cer­ti­fied lab­o­ra­to­ry and should include analy­sis for at least the para­me­ters in the table below.  If you are uncer­tain as to how to take a prop­er sam­ple and get it to a lab, you should con­tact a lab or water treat­ment pro­fes­sion­al for assis­tance.  They can walk you through the steps required to com­plete this task.   If your water is town sup­plied, they fre­quent­ly test for health threat con­t­a­m­i­nants, there­fore, an in-home water test can be per­formed on items such as iron, hard water min­er­als, man­ganese, pH or chlo­rine lev­el.  Typ­i­cal items test­ed for at a lab are as fol­lows:

Col­iform bac­te­ria pH
Arsenic Radon
Chlo­ride Sodi­um
Iron Sul­fate
Lead Con­duc­tiv­i­ty
Man­ganese Nitro­gen-Nitrate
 Hard­ness Total Dis­solved Solids

COMMON CONTAMINANTS

Some com­mon issues encoun­tered in Acton, MA pri­vate wells are man­ganese and iron along with low pH and some­times the health threats radon and arsenic mak­ing their way into the water.  Even in the pub­lic water sup­ply, you may notice symp­toms of iron, man­ganese or low pH in the water.  Hydro­gen Sul­fide is evi­denced typ­i­cal­ly by a rot­ten egg smell in your water, how­ev­er this may also be caused by high Man­ganese lev­els in the water as well.  A water fil­tra­tion specif­i­cal­ly for this prob­lem is effec­tive in cor­rect­ing this.  For a chart of symp­toms, caus­es and solu­tions, see the link at Com­mon Region­al Water Prob­lems

Water filtration for Iron removal

DISSOLVED IRON BUILD-UP

Water filtration for low pH

EVIDENCE OF LOW pH DISSOLVING COPPER PIPING

PRIVATE WELL WATER TESTING FOR RADON & ARSENIC

If test­ing results for Radon exceed the cur­rent Mass­a­chu­setts guide­line of 10,000 pCi/L (Pico cur­ries per liter) in water, the radon must be removed from the water and it is rec­om­mend­ed test­ing the air for Radon as well.  It should be not­ed that New Hamp­shire requires action if radon is only at 2,000 pCi/L.  Maine and Rhode Island action­able lev­els are at 4,000 pCi/L.  For more infor­ma­tion on radon see the link at Radon infor­ma­tion.

The max­i­mum allow­able lev­el of Arsenic in drink­ing water per the EPA is .01 mg/L (miligrams per liter) or 10 parts per bil­lion. For more infor­ma­tion on this see the link at Arsenic infor­ma­tion.

BAD ODORS & TASTES IN YOUR WATERfishy smell in water in Sharon, MArotten egg smell in water in Sharon, MAchlorine smell and taste in water in Sharon, MA

There are var­i­ous types of bad odors and tastes that you may expe­ri­ence in your water.  Hydro­gen Sul­fide is not uncom­mon and is evi­denced typ­i­cal­ly by a rot­ten egg smell in your water, how­ev­er this may also be caused by high Man­ganese lev­els as well.  A water fil­tra­tion specif­i­cal­ly for this prob­lem is effec­tive in cor­rect­ing this. For a more com­plete descrip­tion of this and oth­er poten­tial bad odors and taste in your water, see the link at http://h2ocare.com/bad-odor-taste-water/.

Water softener

WATER SOFTENER & SEDIIMENT FILTRATION INSTALL IN BASEMENT

WATER SOFTENER AND WATER FILTRATION SYSTEMS

Water fil­tra­tion sys­tems can be installed for the removal of any of the con­t­a­m­i­nants dis­cussed above and more.  Water soft­en­ers are typ­i­cal­ly installed to remove hard water min­er­als, dis­solved iron or man­ganese in the water through a tech­nol­o­gy called Ion Exchange.  Par­tic­u­late iron or man­ganese (which you can see in the water) can be removed with a prop­er­ly sized sed­i­ment fil­tra­tion set up. See more infor­ma­tion on man­ganese in water, see the arti­cle at the fol­low­ing link  Man­ganese in Water Arti­cle in Water Tech­nol­o­gy  For more infor­ma­tion on Iron in Water, see the arti­cle link at Iron Arti­cle in Water Tech­nol­o­gy Mag­a­zine

Arsenic is removed with tanks con­tain­ing a spe­cif­ic media that “grabs” the arsenic out of the water.  Remov­ing radon from water requires a sys­tem in which the water is agi­tat­ed in a sealed cham­ber then vent­ed to the out­side, send­ing the radon gas to ambi­ent air.  Oth­er tech­nolo­gies and sys­tems are used to remove oth­er con­t­a­m­i­nants.  Any water fil­tra­tion sys­tem designed should start with a water test before an informed rec­om­men­da­tion can be made.

Arsenic water filtration

   ARSENIC REMOVAL

water filtration in Acton, MAwater filtration in Acton

H2O Care is an established, Massachusetts based water filtration and testing firm, formed in 1989 with offices in Middleton & Hudson, MA.  Articles published by the Company can be seen in Water Technology Magazine or linked through the website publications section at http://h2ocare.wpengine.comWe can be reached by email at [email protected] or by calling us at 978–777-8330.

 

 

 

Ultraviolet light (uv) water purification

Ultra­vi­o­let light (UV) water purifi­ca­tion sys­tems can be an effec­tive bac­te­r­i­al con­trol and water san­i­tiz­ing tech­nol­o­gy.

UV (Ultraviolet Light) Water Filtration

UV (Ultra­vi­o­let Light) Water Fil­tra­tion

ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT (UV) WATER FILTRATION

Whether your home gets its water sup­ply from your own pri­vate well or if it comes from the pub­lic water sup­ply your city or town pro­vides, some type of water dis­in­fec­tion may be nec­es­sary to pro­vide safe water.  City or town water sup­plies typ­i­cal­ly dose chlo­rine or a chlo­rine com­pound (chlo­ramine) to pro­vide bac­te­r­i­al and or micro­bial dis­in­fec­tion.  While this may impart an objec­tion­able taste or odor to the water, it is a nec­es­sary step for safety’s sake.

If you have a pri­vate well, the only defense you have to pro­tect your water sup­ply is hav­ing your own water fil­tra­tion sys­tem installed if it is deter­mined to be nec­es­sary.  A water test should always be your first step before deter­min­ing what type of sys­tem, if any, is going to pro­vide you the best pro­tec­tion.  For pur­pos­es of bac­te­r­i­al or micro­bial dis­in­fec­tion, Ultra­vi­o­let light (UV) water fil­tra­tion sys­tems are very effec­tive when installed tak­ing into account oth­er aspects of the water qual­i­ty that may also have to be treat­ed to enable Ultra­vi­o­let light (UV) water fil­tra­tion to work well.

HOW DOES ULTRAVIOLET (UV) LIGHT WORK TO DISINFECT THE WATER SUPPLY

UV is a type of ener­gy found in the elec­tro­mag­net­ic spec­trum, lying between x-rays and vis­i­ble light. Although we can­not see UV light or rays, we are exposed to them every time we step out into the sun. In fact, UV light is respon­si­ble for caus­ing sun­burns. Ultra­vi­o­let sys­tems use spe­cial lamps or bulbs that emit UV light of a par­tic­u­lar wave­length. The Ultra­vi­olet ener­gy attacks the genet­ic core of the microor­gan­ism and rearranges the DNA /RNA elim­i­nat­ing the microorganism’s abil­i­ty to func­tion and repro­duce. If the microor­gan­ism can no longer repro­duce, it can­not repli­cate, there­fore it can­not infect oth­er organ­isms with which it has con­tact. The process is sim­ple but effec­tive, destroy­ing 99.99% of harm­ful microor­gan­isms with­out adding chem­i­cals to the water.

See the fol­low­ing link for more descrip­tion of Ultra­vi­o­let light (UV) water fil­tra­tion tech­nol­o­gy http://h2ocare.com/ultraviolet-uv-light-disinfection/ or for even more detail go to http://www.water-research.net/Waterlibrary/privatewell/UVradiation.pdf

H2O Care Logo

http://h2ocare.wpengine.com

H2O Care, Inc. is a region­al water fil­tra­tion and test­ing orga­ni­za­tion orig­i­nal­ly formed in 1989.  The Com­pa­ny has been pub­lished mul­ti­ple times in Water Tech­nol­o­gy Mag­a­zine and oth­er pub­li­ca­tions on com­mon con­t­a­m­i­nants found in the New Eng­land region’s water sup­plies.

Water filtration north reading

North reading water filtration

WATER FILTRATION SYSTEM OPTIONS

Some of the more com­mon calls received con­cern­ing water qual­i­ty in North Read­ing relate to dis­col­oration and chlo­rine odor and taste which may require a water fil­tra­tion sys­tem to cor­rect.  The fol­low­ing reviews infor­ma­tion direct­ly from the town describ­ing these issues and solu­tions to them are fur­ther described.

Water filtration for Iron

Dis­solved Iron Build-Up

While the town does apply water fil­tra­tion to remove iron and man­ganese from the water sup­ply, they are not able to remove all of it often result­ing in vis­i­ble col­oration and stain­ing.  See the fol­low­ing link for fre­quent­ly asked ques­tions North Read­ing FAQs about Water.  Water fil­tra­tion and water soft­en­ing tech­nolo­gies are described fur­ther below under the Water Fil­tra­tion Sys­tems sec­tion.  For more detailed infor­ma­tion about the town water sup­ply, see the Annu­al Water Qual­i­ty Report at N Read­ing Annu­al Water Qual­i­ty Report

The fol­low­ing is tak­en from the town Annu­al Water Qual­i­ty Report:

The oth­er cause of dis­col­ored water in North Read­ing is iron and man­ganese. Iron and man­ganese are nat­u­ral­ly occur­ring min­er­als that are present in the sand and grav­el around the wells. As pre­cip­i­ta­tion per­co­lates down through the soil, it dis­solves small amounts of iron and man­ganese that is then present when the Town pumps the water from the wells.

Iron and man­ganese are not clas­si­fied as health threats (unless in exces­sive amounts), in fact the human body requires both iron and man­ganese. How­ev­er, iron and man­ganese in water can cause a num­ber of aes­thet­ic prob­lems, such as dis­col­oration of the water, stain­ing of laun­dry and stain­ing of plumb­ing fix­tures. Under the fed­er­al Safe Drink­ing Water Act, the EPA has estab­lished rec­om­mend­ed lim­its of 0.30 mg/L for iron and 0.050 mg/L for man­ganese to min­i­mize these prob­lems. (Note – mg/L stands for mil­ligrams per liter, which is the stan­dard unit of mea­sure­ment for many drink­ing water con­t­a­m­i­nants) The water drawn from the wells con­tains approx­i­mate­ly 4.00 mg/L of iron and 0.800 mg/L of man­ganese, both well in excess of the rec­om­mend­ed lim­its. North Read­ing treats the water from our wells to remove both iron and man­ganese in order to achieve a lev­el below the rec­om­mend­ed lim­its. This treat­ment is high­ly effec­tive in reduc­ing the iron and man­ganese, but it is not pos­si­ble (nor prac­ti­cal) to remove all the iron and man­ganese, and the water in North Reading’s water sys­tem con­tains low lev­els of iron and man­ganese. The low lev­els of iron and man­ganese enter­ing the North Read­ing water sys­tem from the sources do tend to set­tle out in the pip­ing sys­tem before the water reach­es your home, form­ing a very fine film of pre­cip­i­tat­ed iron and man­ganese in the water mains. Any change in the flows in the water mains (such as when a fire hydrant is opened to fight a fire) will stir up this fine sed­i­ment and cause dis­col­ored water. This is the rea­son the Water Depart­ment also con­ducts an annu­al “flush­ing” of the water sys­tem through the fire hydrants. This sched­uled change in flows helps to remove the accu­mu­lat­ed iron and man­ganese in a pro­grammed way to help min­i­mize dis­col­ored water.”

For more infor­ma­tion on Iron, see the link at our Water Tech­nol­o­gy Mag­a­zine arti­cle at: http://www.watertechonline.com/iron.  Also, to link to our arti­cle on Man­ganese in water see Water Tech online arti­cle — Man­ganese

 

Water Filtration Systems

DISCOLORATION & STAINING FROM IRON AND MANGANESE

Dis­col­oration and stain­ing can be caused by many things in the water sup­ply.  In North Read­ing, the main source has typ­i­cal­ly been deter­mined to be ele­vat­ed lev­els of iron and man­ganese, min­er­als that are com­mon in Mass­a­chu­setts water sup­plies due to the nat­u­ral­ly occur­ring bedrock.  Hydro­gen Sul­fide is evi­denced typ­i­cal­ly by a rot­ten egg smell in your water, how­ev­er this may also be caused by high Man­ganese lev­els in the water as well.  A water fil­tra­tion specif­i­cal­ly for this prob­lem is effec­tive in cor­rect­ing this.

SOLUTION:  Iron and Man­ganese can be removed with sed­i­ment fil­tra­tion and water soft­en­ing (Ion Exchange) tech­nol­o­gy.  Par­tic­u­late iron will be removed with the prop­er sed­i­ment fil­tra­tion while dis­solved iron can be removed with a water soft­en­er.

Water Softener with Sediment Filter

Water Soft­en­er With Sed­i­ment Fil­ter Installed in Base­ment

TRIHALOMETHANES REPORTED IN THE WATER

In 1974 tri­halomethanes (chlo­ro­form, bro­modichloromethane, dibro­mochloromethane, and bro­mo­form) were dis­cov­ered to be formed dur­ing the dis­in­fec­tion step of drink­ing water if free chlo­rine was the dis­in­fec­tant. This, cou­pled with the per­ceived haz­ard to the consumer’s health, led the U.S. Envi­ron­men­tal Pro­tec­tion Agency to amend the Nation­al Inter­im Pri­ma­ry Drink­ing Water Reg­u­la­tions to include a max­i­mum con­t­a­m­i­nant lev­el of 0.10 mg/L tor total tri­halomethanes.  For more infor­ma­tion on tri­halomethanes, see the link at Tri­halomethane EPA Report

The North Read­ing Annu­al Water Qual­i­ty Report dis­closed the fol­low­ing:

The Total Tri­halomethanes (TTHM) lev­el at one of four sam­pling loca­tions exceed­ed the MCL (Max­i­mum Con­t­a­m­i­nant Lev­el) of 80 ppb in April, July, and Octo­ber of 2014. TTHMs form when chlo­rine is added to the drink­ing water as a dis­in­fec­tant. The amount of chlo­rine being added has been reduced, and TTHM lev­els mea­sured in Jan­u­ary and April 2015 have been below the MCL. Some peo­ple who drink water con­tain­ing tri­halomethanes in excess of the MCL over many years may expe­ri­ence prob­lems with their liv­ers, kid­neys, or cen­tral ner­vous sys­tems, and may have an increased risk of get­ting can­cer.”

TRIHALOMETHANE & CHLORINE REMOVAL WITH WATER FILTRATION

For tri­halomethane con­trol, effec­tive water fil­tra­tion tech­niques include (1) oxi­da­tion by ozone; (2) clar­i­fi­ca­tion by coag­u­la­tion, set­tling and fil­tra­tion, pre­cip­i­ta­tive soft­en­ing, or direct fil­tra­tion; or (3) adsorp­tion by pow­dered acti­vat­ed car­bon or gran­u­lar acti­vat­ed car­bon.  Your water treat­ment pro­fes­sion­al can review your options on the water fil­tra­tion tech­nique that is right for your sit­u­a­tion.  To remove chlo­rine from your water, a car­bon fil­tra­tion sys­tem is very effec­tive in adsorb­ing it from the water.

 

A prop­er­ly designed water fil­tra­tion sys­tem can remove any of the above con­t­a­m­i­nants or impu­ri­ties in your drink­ing water sup­ply, deliv­er­ing excel­lent water qual­i­ty to your home.

water filtration in North Reading, MA

H2o Care, Inc. is an established, Middleton, MA based full service water testing and filtration systems installation and service organization. Formed in 1989, the company website is at http://www.h2ocare.com.  H2O Care has been published in Water Technology Magazine several times for contaminants common to this region.  See the publications tab on the company website.  We can be reached by email at [email protected] or by calling us at 800–539-1100.

Rotten egg smell in water — massachusetts

ROTTEN EGG SMELL IN WATER?

Water that is giv­ing off a dis­tinc­tive rot­ten egg smell is most like­ly con­t­a­m­i­nat­ed with hydro­gen sul­fide. Hydro­gen sul­fide does not usu­al­ly pose imme­di­ate health prob­lems at the lev­els it is found in domes­tic drink­ing sup­plies, how­ev­er, it is cer­tain­ly an incon­ve­nience to one’s sense of smell.

Rotten Egg Smell from Hydrogen Sulfide in Massachusetts

HYDROGEN SULFIDE DEFINED

Hydro­gen sul­fide is a col­or­less gas that can exist nat­u­ral­ly in ground­wa­ter. Sul­fur-reduc­ing bac­te­ria present in ground­wa­ter use sul­fur as an ener­gy source to chem­i­cal­ly change sul­fates to hydro­gen sul­fide. The bac­te­ria use sul­fur from decay­ing plants and oth­er organ­ic mat­ter in oxy­gen-defi­cient envi­ron­ments. They can occur in deep or shal­low wells, and reside in plumb­ing sys­tems.  The dis­tinc­tive rot­ten egg smell is unde­ni­able!

Hydro­gen sul­fide shows up in oth­er ways too. The mag­ne­sium rod used in water heaters for cor­ro­sion con­trol can chem­i­cal­ly reduce sul­fates to hydro­gen sul­fide, thus result­ing in the same rot­ten egg smell when turn­ing on the hot water.

Hydro­gen sul­fide, if present, will vary by well due to vary­ing geol­o­gy. It is the most com­mon in shales and sand­stones. The occur­rence of hydro­gen sul­fide gas has been cor­re­lat­ed to ground­wa­ter with low pH and ground­wa­ter with high lev­els of iron and/or man­ganese (com­mon min­er­als in New Eng­land). It also may be asso­ci­at­ed with hydro­car­bons and peat for­ma­tions.

For a detailed paper on Hydro­gen Sul­fide, see the link at Hydro­gen Sul­fide Paper.

 

REMOVAL OF HYDROGEN SULFIDE

There are var­i­ous meth­ods to remove hydro­gen sul­fide. They should be cho­sen based on the lev­el, the amount of water being treat­ed, the lev­els of iron and man­ganese, and the water’s pH among oth­er fac­tors. Meth­ods to reduce or remove hydro­gen sul­fide include acti­vat­ed car­bon fil­tra­tion, shock chlo­ri­na­tion, ion exchange, man­ganese green­sand fil­tra­tion, oxi­da­tion, oxi­diz­ing fil­tra­tion, ozone treat­ment, and water heater mod­i­fi­ca­tion. Your select­ed water treat­ment pro­fes­sion­al will know the prop­er sys­tem for your par­tic­u­lar sit­u­a­tion. If the rot­ten egg smell per­sists, you know the cor­rect solu­tion has not been deter­mined.

 

rotten egg smell in water Massachusetts

 

H2O Care is an established regional water filtration and testing firm, formed in 1989.  Articles published by the Company can be seen in Water Technology Magazine or linked through the website publications section at http://h2ocare.wpengine.com.  Contact us by email at [email protected] or by calling us at 800–539-1100.
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