WATER FILTRATION – MAYNARD, MA

WATER FILTRATION MAYNARD

WATER FILTRATION IN MAYNARD, MASSACHUSETTS

WATER FILTRATION IN MAYNARD

As a resident of Maynard, MA, you likely have the town supplying water to your home with water but may have a private well, both of which may benefit from water filtration.  As is the case with many wells and water supplies in Massachusetts, there are certain common contaminants that find their way into the water supply.  Later in this write-up, specific contaminants that are commonly found in Maynard private wells and the public water supply are identified and effective remediation methods are covered.  Excellent water quality is achievable with the proper approach.

According to the most recent available Annual Water Quality Report, Maynard’s drinking water comes from seven groundwater sources. Wells #1-4 are constructed in sand and gravel deposits that overlie bedrock. These wells are 40-70 feet deep and are located in the southern half of Maynard. The remaining three wells, #5 -7, are approximately 400 feet deep into bedrock and are located in the northern half of Maynard. White Pond, a surface water supply located in Hudson and Stow, is no longer in service; however it remains available as an emergency backup supply

For a link to the Annual Water Quality Report for the town of Maynard, see the link at Annual Water Quality Report

 

RECENT NOTIFICATION REGARDING TRIHALOMETHANES

Trihalomethanes (THM) are a group of four chemicals that are formed along with other disinfection by products when chlorine or other disinfectants used to control microbial contaminants in drinking water react with naturally occurring organic and inorganic matter in water.  For more detailed information on THM, see the link at Trihalomethanes.  The use of chlorine to disinfect water for the purpose of drinking produces low levels of various disinfection by-products with the trihalomethanes and haloacetic acids being the most common. The trihalomethanes and haloacetic acids have demonstrated carcinogenic activity in laboratory animals.  Studies have been published which reported associations between THMs and bladder and colon cancer, and adverse pregnancy outcomes including miscarriage, birth defects and low birth weight.

EFFECTIVE REMOVAL OF THMs WITH WATER FILTRATION

To effectively remove THMs from your drinking water supply, a properly installed carbon water filtration system will work.  The typical system can be installed either at the point of entry into your home with a tank filled with carbon or a smaller system, dedicated only to drinking water can be installed under a kitchen sink or other areas to feed a separate faucet for drinking.  For an even greater level of filtration, a reverse osmosis system can be installed to feed a separate faucet which has even greater filtration capabilities.  For more information on carbon filtration, see the link at Carbon filtration.  For more information on reverse osmosis, see the link at reverse osmosis

Reverse Osmosis Water Filtratrion

Reverse Osmosis Purification System installed under sink

 

OTHER POTENTIAL COMMON CONTAMINANTS- typically seen in private wells

Some common issues encountered in Maynard, MA private wells are manganese and iron along with low pH and sometimes the health threats radon and arsenic making their way into the water.  Even in the public water supply, you may notice symptoms of iron, manganese or low pH in the water.  Hydrogen Sulfide is evidenced typically by a rotten egg smell in your water, however this may also be caused by high Manganese levels in the water as well.  A water filtration specifically for this problem is effective in correcting this.  For a chart of symptoms, causes and solutions, see the link at Common Regional Water Problems

Water filtration for Iron removal

Dissolved Iron staining the bath tub

Water filtration for low pH

Blue/Green Staining from Dissolved Copper due to low pH of water

If testing results for Radon exceed the current Massachusetts guideline of 10,000 pCi/L (Pico curries per liter) in water, the radon must be removed from the water and it is recommended testing the air for Radon as well.  It should be noted that New Hampshire requires action if radon is only at 2,000 pCi/L.  Maine and Rhode Island actionable levels are at 4,000 pCi/L.  For more information on radon see the link at http://h2ocare.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/radon-removal-from-well-water-91015.pdf

The maximum allowable level of Arsenic in drinking water per the EPA is .01 mg/L (miligrams per liter) or 10 parts per billion. For more information on this see the link at http://www.mass.gov/eea/agencies/massdep/water/drinking/arsenic-in-private-well-water-faqs.html

If your home is supplied by town water, you may notice odor and taste associated with Chlorine as this is used for disinfection purposes by the town to control microorganisms including bacteria and others.

Water softener

Water Softener with Sediment Filtration installed in basement

Water Filtration Systems

Water filtration systems can be installed for the removal of any of the contaminants discussed above and more.  Water softeners are typically installed to remove dissolved iron or manganese in the water through a technology called Ion Exchange.  Particulate iron or manganese (which you can see in the water) can be removed with a properly sized sediment filtration set up. See more information on manganese in water, see the article at the following link  Manganese in Water Article in Water Technology  For more information on Iron in Water, see the article link at Iron Article in Water Technology Magazine

 

 Arsenic is removed with tanks containing a specific media that “grabs” the arsenic out of the water.  Removing radon from water requires a system in which the water is agitated in a sealed chamber then vented to the outside, sending the radon gas to ambient air.  Other technologies and systems are used to remove other contaminants.  Any water filtration system designed should start with a water test before an informed recommendation can be made.

Arsenic water filtration

Arsenic removal tanks

Chlorine Removal 

Carbon water filtration systems are effective at removing chlorine and the associated taste and odors that come with it, as well as reverse osmosis systems, which incorporate carbon into the design.  These systems can either be installed at the point of entry in your home, typically in the basement, or at a point of use for drinking water only.

water filtration in Maynard, MA

 

H2O Care is an established, Massachusetts bsaed water filtration and testing firm, formed in 1989.  Our new  Hudson, MA office at 439 Main Street opened in May, 2017.Articles published by the Company can be seen in Water Technology Magazine or linked through the website publications section at http://h2ocare.wpengine.com

 

WATER FILTRATION FOR ACTON, MA.

Radon in water in Acton, MA

WATER FILTRATION SYSTEM OPTIONS

As a resident of Acton, MA, you likely have the town supplying water to your home with water but may have a private well, both of which may benefit from water filtration.  As is the case with many wells and water supplies in Massachusetts, there are certain common contaminants that find their way into the water supply.  Later in this write-up, specific contaminants that are commonly found in Acton private wells and the public water supply are identified and effective remediation methods are covered.  Excellent water quality is achievable with the proper approach.

Most residents in Acton (almost 90 percent) receive their water from the Acton Water District, which has eleven wells located in various parts of town. These wells draw water from the ground, or groundwater, and pump it to treatment plants, and then on to homes, businesses, and even your schools.

For more information on water quality, testing, etc. for the town of Acton, see the link at ACTON WATER QUALITY

Water testing Acton,MA

WATER TESTING TO DETERMINE WATER FILTRATION

If you have a private well, water testing should be conducted by an EPA or Massachusetts state certified laboratory and should include analysis for at least the parameters in the table below.  If you are uncertain as to how to take a proper sample and get it to a lab, you should contact a lab or water treatment professional for assistance.  They can walk you through the steps required to complete this task.   If your water is town supplied, they frequently test for health threat contaminants, therefore, an in-home water test can be performed on items such as iron, hard water minerals, manganese, pH or chlorine level.  Typical items tested for at a lab are as follows:

Coliform bacteria pH
Arsenic Radon
Chloride Sodium
Iron Sulfate
Lead Conductivity
Manganese Nitrogen-Nitrate
 Hardness Total Dissolved Solids

COMMON CONTAMINANTS

Some common issues encountered in Acton, MA private wells are manganese and iron along with low pH and sometimes the health threats radon and arsenic making their way into the water.  Even in the public water supply, you may notice symptoms of iron, manganese or low pH in the water.  Hydrogen Sulfide is evidenced typically by a rotten egg smell in your water, however this may also be caused by high Manganese levels in the water as well.  A water filtration specifically for this problem is effective in correcting this.  For a chart of symptoms, causes and solutions, see the link at Common Regional Water Problems

Water filtration for Iron removal

Dissolved Iron staining the bath tub

 

Water filtration for low pH

Blue/Green Staining from Dissolved Copper due to low pH of water

If testing results for Radon exceed the current Massachusetts guideline of 10,000 pCi/L (Pico curries per liter) in water, the radon must be removed from the water and it is recommended testing the air for Radon as well.  It should be noted that New Hampshire requires action if radon is only at 2,000 pCi/L.  Maine and Rhode Island actionable levels are at 4,000 pCi/L.  For more information on radon see the link at http://h2ocare.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/radon-removal-from-well-water-91015.pdf

The maximum allowable level of Arsenic in drinking water per the EPA is .01 mg/L (miligrams per liter) or 10 parts per billion. For more information on this see the link at http://www.mass.gov/eea/agencies/massdep/water/drinking/arsenic-in-private-well-water-faqs.html

If your home is supplied by town water, you may notice odor and taste associated with Chlorine as this is used for disinfection purposes by the town to control microorganisms including bacteria and others.

Water softener

Water Softener with Sediment Filtration installed in basement

 

WATER FILTRATION SYSTEMS

Water filtration systems can be installed for the removal of any of the contaminants discussed above and more.  Water softeners are typically installed to remove hard water minerals, dissolved iron or manganese in the water through a technology called Ion Exchange.  Particulate iron or manganese (which you can see in the water) can be removed with a properly sized sediment filtration set up. See more information on manganese in water, see the article at the following link  Manganese in Water Article in Water Technology  For more information on Iron in Water, see the article link at Iron Article in Water Technology Magazine

 

 Arsenic is removed with tanks containing a specific media that “grabs” the arsenic out of the water.  Removing radon from water requires a system in which the water is agitated in a sealed chamber then vented to the outside, sending the radon gas to ambient air.  Other technologies and systems are used to remove other contaminants.  Any water filtration system designed should start with a water test before an informed recommendation can be made.

 

Arsenic water filtration

Arsenic removal tanks

Chlorine Removal 

Carbon water filtration systems are effective at removing chlorine and the associated taste and odors that come with it.  These systems can either be installed at the point of entry in your home, typically in the basement, or at a point of use for drinking water only.

 

water filtration in Acton, MA

 

H2O Care is an established, Massachusetts based water filtration and testing firm, formed in 1989.  Articles published by the Company can be seen in Water Technology Magazine or linked through the website publications section at http://h2ocare.wpengine.com.  NOTE: New Hudson office opened in May, 2017 at 439 Main Street.

 

 

 

ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT (UV) WATER PURIFICATION

Ultraviolet light (UV) water purification systems can be an effective bacterial control and water sanitizing technology.

UV (Ultraviolet Light) Water Filtration

UV (Ultraviolet Light) Water Filtration

ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT (UV) WATER FILTRATION

Whether your home gets its water supply from your own private well or if it comes from the public water supply your city or town provides, some type of water disinfection may be necessary to provide safe water.  City or town water supplies typically dose chlorine or a chlorine compound (chloramine) to provide bacterial and or microbial disinfection.  While this may impart an objectionable taste or odor to the water, it is a necessary step for safety’s sake.

If you have a private well, the only defense you have to protect your water supply is having your own water filtration system installed if it is determined to be necessary.  A water test should always be your first step before determining what type of system, if any, is going to provide you the best protection.  For purposes of bacterial or microbial disinfection, Ultraviolet light (UV) water filtration systems are very effective when installed taking into account other aspects of the water quality that may also have to be treated to enable Ultraviolet light (UV) water filtration to work well.

HOW DOES ULTRAVIOLET (UV) LIGHT WORK TO DISINFECT THE WATER SUPPLY

UV is a type of energy found in the electromagnetic spectrum, lying between x-rays and visible light. Although we cannot see UV light or rays, we are exposed to them every time we step out into the sun. In fact, UV light is responsible for causing sunburns. Ultraviolet systems use special lamps or bulbs that emit UV light of a particular wavelength. The Ultraviolet energy attacks the genetic core of the microorganism and rearranges the DNA /RNA eliminating the microorganism’s ability to function and reproduce. If the microorganism can no longer reproduce, it cannot replicate, therefore it cannot infect other organisms with which it has contact. The process is simple but effective, destroying 99.99% of harmful microorganisms without adding chemicals to the water.

See the following link for more description of Ultraviolet light (UV) water filtration technology http://h2ocare.com/ultraviolet-uv-light-disinfection/ or for even more detail go to http://www.water-research.net/Waterlibrary/privatewell/UVradiation.pdf

H2O Care Logo

http://h2ocare.wpengine.com

H2O Care, Inc. is a regional water filtration and testing organization originally formed in 1989.  The Company has been published multiple times in Water Technology Magazine and other publications on common contaminants found in the New England region’s water supplies.

WATER FILTRATION NORTH READING

North reading water filtration

WATER FILTRATION SYSTEM OPTIONS

Some of the more common calls received concerning water quality in North Reading relate to discoloration and chlorine odor and taste which may require a water filtration system to correct.  The following reviews information directly from the town describing these issues and solutions to them are further described.

Water filtration for Iron

Dissolved Iron Build-Up

While the town does apply water filtration to remove iron and manganese from the water supply, they are not able to remove all of it often resulting in visible coloration and staining.  See the following link for frequently asked questions North Reading FAQs about Water.  Water filtration and water softening technologies are described further below under the Water Filtration Systems section.  For more detailed information about the town water supply, see the Annual Water Quality Report at N Reading Annual Water Quality Report

The following is taken from the town Annual Water Quality Report:

“The other cause of discolored water in North Reading is iron and manganese. Iron and manganese are naturally occurring minerals that are present in the sand and gravel around the wells. As precipitation percolates down through the soil, it dissolves small amounts of iron and manganese that is then present when the Town pumps the water from the wells.

Iron and manganese are not classified as health threats (unless in excessive amounts), in fact the human body requires both iron and manganese. However, iron and manganese in water can cause a number of aesthetic problems, such as discoloration of the water, staining of laundry and staining of plumbing fixtures. Under the federal Safe Drinking Water Act, the EPA has established recommended limits of 0.30 mg/L for iron and 0.050 mg/L for manganese to minimize these problems. (Note – mg/L stands for milligrams per liter, which is the standard unit of measurement for many drinking water contaminants) The water drawn from the wells contains approximately 4.00 mg/L of iron and 0.800 mg/L of manganese, both well in excess of the recommended limits. North Reading treats the water from our wells to remove both iron and manganese in order to achieve a level below the recommended limits. This treatment is highly effective in reducing the iron and manganese, but it is not possible (nor practical) to remove all the iron and manganese, and the water in North Reading’s water system contains low levels of iron and manganese. The low levels of iron and manganese entering the North Reading water system from the sources do tend to settle out in the piping system before the water reaches your home, forming a very fine film of precipitated iron and manganese in the water mains. Any change in the flows in the water mains (such as when a fire hydrant is opened to fight a fire) will stir up this fine sediment and cause discolored water. This is the reason the Water Department also conducts an annual “flushing” of the water system through the fire hydrants. This scheduled change in flows helps to remove the accumulated iron and manganese in a programmed way to help minimize discolored water.”

For more information on Iron, see the link at our Water Technology Magazine article at: http://www.watertechonline.com/iron.  Also, to link to our article on Manganese in water see Water Tech online article – Manganese

 

Water Filtration Systems

DISCOLORATION & STAINING FROM IRON AND MANGANESE

Discoloration and staining can be caused by many things in the water supply.  In North Reading, the main source has typically been determined to be elevated levels of iron and manganese, minerals that are common in Massachusetts water supplies due to the naturally occurring bedrock.  Hydrogen Sulfide is evidenced typically by a rotten egg smell in your water, however this may also be caused by high Manganese levels in the water as well.  A water filtration specifically for this problem is effective in correcting this.

SOLUTION:  Iron and Manganese can be removed with sediment filtration and water softening (Ion Exchange) technology.  Particulate iron will be removed with the proper sediment filtration while dissolved iron can be removed with a water softener.

Water Softener with Sediment Filter

Water Softener With Sediment Filter Installed in Basement

TRIHALOMETHANES REPORTED IN THE WATER

In 1974 trihalomethanes (chloroform, bromodichloromethane, dibromochloromethane, and bromoform) were discovered to be formed during the disinfection step of drinking water if free chlorine was the disinfectant. This, coupled with the perceived hazard to the consumer’s health, led the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to amend the National Interim Primary Drinking Water Regulations to include a maximum contaminant level of 0.10 mg/L tor total trihalomethanes.  For more information on trihalomethanes, see the link at Trihalomethane EPA Report

The North Reading Annual Water Quality Report disclosed the following:

“The Total Trihalomethanes (TTHM) level at one of four sampling locations exceeded the MCL (Maximum Contaminant Level) of 80 ppb in April, July, and October of 2014. TTHMs form when chlorine is added to the drinking water as a disinfectant. The amount of chlorine being added has been reduced, and TTHM levels measured in January and April 2015 have been below the MCL. Some people who drink water containing trihalomethanes in excess of the MCL over many years may experience problems with their livers, kidneys, or central nervous systems, and may have an increased risk of getting cancer.”

TRIHALOMETHANE & CHLORINE REMOVAL WITH WATER FILTRATION

For trihalomethane control, effective water filtration techniques include (1) oxidation by ozone; (2) clarification by coagulation, settling and filtration, precipitative softening, or direct filtration; or (3) adsorption by powdered activated carbon or granular activated carbon.  Your water treatment professional can review your options on the water filtration technique that is right for your situation.  To remove chlorine from your water, a carbon filtration system is very effective in adsorbing it from the water.

 

A properly designed water filtration system can remove any of the above contaminants or impurities in your drinking water supply, delivering excellent water quality to your home.

water filtration in North Reading, MA

H2o Care, Inc. is an established, Middleton, MA based full service water testing and filtration systems installation and service organization. Formed in 1989, the company website is at http://www.h2ocare.com.  H2O Care has been published in Water Technology Magazine several times for contaminants common to this region.  See the publications tab on the company website.  We can be reached by email at [email protected] or by calling us at 800-539-1100.

ROTTEN EGG SMELL IN WATER – MASSACHUSETTS

ROTTEN EGG SMELL IN WATER?

Water that is giving off a distinctive rotten egg smell is most likely contaminated with hydrogen sulfide. Hydrogen sulfide does not usually pose immediate health problems at the levels it is found in domestic drinking supplies, however, it is certainly an inconvenience to one’s sense of smell.

Rotten Egg Smell from Hydrogen Sulfide in Massachusetts

HYDROGEN SULFIDE DEFINED

Hydrogen sulfide is a colorless gas that can exist naturally in groundwater. Sulfur-reducing bacteria present in groundwater use sulfur as an energy source to chemically change sulfates to hydrogen sulfide. The bacteria use sulfur from decaying plants and other organic matter in oxygen-deficient environments. They can occur in deep or shallow wells, and reside in plumbing systems.  The distinctive rotten egg smell is undeniable!

Hydrogen sulfide shows up in other ways too. The magnesium rod used in water heaters for corrosion control can chemically reduce sulfates to hydrogen sulfide, thus resulting in the same rotten egg smell when turning on the hot water.

Hydrogen sulfide, if present, will vary by well due to varying geology. It is the most common in shales and sandstones. The occurrence of hydrogen sulfide gas has been correlated to groundwater with low pH and groundwater with high levels of iron and/or manganese (common minerals in New England). It also may be associated with hydrocarbons and peat formations.

For a detailed paper on Hydrogen Sulfide, see the link at Hydrogen Sulfide Paper.

 

REMOVAL OF HYDROGEN SULFIDE

There are various methods to remove hydrogen sulfide. They should be chosen based on the level, the amount of water being treated, the levels of iron and manganese, and the water’s pH among other factors. Methods to reduce or remove hydrogen sulfide include activated carbon filtration, shock chlorination, ion exchange, manganese greensand filtration, oxidation, oxidizing filtration, ozone treatment, and water heater modification. Your selected water treatment professional will know the proper system for your particular situation. If the rotten egg smell persists, you know the correct solution has not been determined.

 

rotten egg smell in water Massachusetts

 

H2O Care is an established regional water filtration and testing firm, formed in 1989.  Articles published by the Company can be seen in Water Technology Magazine or linked through the website publications section at http://h2ocare.wpengine.com.  Contact us by email at [email protected] or by calling us at 800-539-1100.
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