WATER FILTRATION IN BOSTON, MASS

The following discusses potential water quality issues or concerns as well as water filtration options for residents of Boston, Massachusetts.


Water filtration in Boston, Massachusetts

BOSTON WATER FILTRATION SYSTEMS

The Boston water supply and many surrounding cities and towns are supplied by the Massachusetts Water Resources Authority (MWRA).  The latest available Annual Water Quality Report can be viewed at the following link MWRA Annual Report.  While the water quality is generally pretty good from MWRA, the long distance to the water’s eventual landing point and other issues may cause taste & odor issues as well as various types of staining in sinks, toilets, showers and other plumbing fixtures.  You may experience taste and odor issues that are commonly associated with chloramine (a chlorine, ammonia compound), which is used to disinfect the water and control bacterial growth.  There is a “Frequently Asked Questions” publication provided by MWRA that reviews what you may encounter.   See the link at FAQs MWRA Water.   See the Water Filtration Systems section below for more information on water quality improvement.

SYMPTOMS OF WATER QUALITY ISSUES / WATER TEST FIRST

While symptoms of water quality issues such as bad odors & taste, staining of laundry, bathroom fixtures, etc. are indicators of problems, the preferred starting point is to get a water test to identify the minerals or contaminants in the water and at what quantity they exist.  This will lead to an effective system recommendation and route to providing excellent water quality for drinking, washing, etc.

BEFORE & AFTER OF SEDIMENT AND CARBON FILTERS IN A RESTAURANT FILTRATION SYSTEM

HOW CAN LEAD GET INTO YOUR WATER SUPPLY?

Lead found in tap water usually comes from the corrosion of older fixtures or from the solder that connects pipes. Water is known as the ultimate solvent in that it picks up a little of everything it touches as it flows through the ground, pipes, etc.  Also, when water sits in leaded pipes for several hours, lead can leach into the water supply.  Measures taken during the last two decades have greatly reduced exposures to lead in tap water. These measures include actions taken under the requirements of the 1986 and 1996 amendments to the Safe Drinking Water Act (http://www.epa.gov/sdwa) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA’s) Lead and Copper Rule (http://www.epa.gov/dwreginfo/lead-and-copper-rule)

WHAT CAN I DO TO DETECT LEAD IN MY WATER & HOW CAN WATER FILTRATION EFFECTIVELY REMOVE IT?

Reverse osmosis water filtration systems are very effective at lead removal from drinking water (as well as a host of other potential contaminants) as a Point of Use device, typically feeding a separate faucet at the sink.  There are other types of filters that are designed with small enough pore sizes to remove lead from drinking water as well.  Technologies such as distillation are not practical and leave a taste many find objectionable.  For recommendations and alternatives, speak to a water treatment professional.

WATER FILTRATION SYSTEMS

water filtration boston

Various types of water filtration systems are available for the removal of any of the potential causes of symptoms you may be experiencing.  Water softeners are typically installed to remove dissolved iron or manganese from the water through a technology called Ion Exchange, however hard water is not really an issue in Boston.  To remove particulate iron or manganese, a properly sized sediment filter is required.  Bad tastes & odors, which may be the result of the chloramine added into the MWRA water supply for disinfecting purposes, can be removed with a carbon filtration system.  Additionally, to create very pure drinking water, a reverse osmosis system can be installed, which utilizes the same technology used to produce both Aquafina, Dasani and some other bottled waters.  There are various sized reverse osmosis systems to match the volume demands required.

Reverse Osmosis Water Filtration for Boston

REVERSE OSMOSIS SYSTEM- INSTALLED UNDER KITCHEN SINK- ALSO AVAILABLE FOR COMMERCIAL VOLUME REQUIREMENTS

Any water filtration system or water softener recommendation in your Boston home or business should start with a water test before an informed decision can be made.  To determine what type of water testing to have performed and how to take a proper sample, call a water treatment professional or a state certified laboratory.

In summary, controlling your water quality is attainable through proper water testing and equipment specification with today’s available water filtration technologies at a reasonable price.  Proper on-going maintenance is also critical to maintain a consistent level of great water quality.

 

H2O Care is an established, Massachusetts based water filtration and testing firm, formed in 1989.  Articles published by the Company can be seen in Water Technology Magazine or linked through the publications section on our website at http://h2ocare.wpengine.com.  Contact us by email at [email protected] or call us at 800-539-1100.

water filtration in Boston, MA 

WATER FILTRATION IN BOSTON, MA

WATER FILTER FOR NATICK, MASSACHUSETTS

Image result for WELCOME TO NATICK SIGN

WATER FILTER OPTIONS

The following information identifies the Natick, MA public water source as well as some potential water quality issues that may benefit from a water filter or water softener system.  For private wells, you should have your water tested for both aesthetic and potential health threat contaminants in the water and analyzed before deciding if, or what type of water filter system you should consider installing.

NATICK,MA PUBLIC WATER SUPPLY

The Town of Natick obtains its water from 10 groundwater wells at five locations. Eight of the sources, located in Natick, are known as the Springvale, Evergreen, Pine Oaks, and Morse Pond wells. The Elm Bank wells (the fifth location) are located in Dover, Massachusetts. The Springvale, Evergreen, and Elm Bank wells are the primary sources. The Morse Pond and Pine Oaks wells serve as backup wells and are used to supplement water supplies during high demand conditions. The Springvale water treatment facility, located off of Route 9, provides treatment for the Springvale and Evergreen wells. The water distribution system also includes approximately 196 miles of water mains and two water storage facilities that have a combined capacity of 9 million gallons.  A link to the Annual Water Quality Report can be found at Natick Annual Report for more detail.  The following will identify both cartridge style water filters and larger, point of entry water filtration systems.

CARTRIDGE STYLE WATER FILTER

water filtration system Northborough, MA

  CARTRIDGE WATER FILTER CHOICES

There are various types and sizes of water filter cartridges with differentiating features relating to what you are trying to mechanically remove from the water.  These filters do not work on removing dissolved impurities from the water as other technologies must be used for this purpose.

SEDIMENT CARTRIDGE WATER FILTER , as their name implies, are for removing sediment (particulate matter) from the water supply. The key characteristics relate to the micron rating of the filter designed to remove particles at or greater than a specified size and also capacity in terms of how long the sediment filter will work before it is no longer able to remove sediment. Specifying a micron rating that is too small for installation at the water’s point of entry into your home, for example, may cause an unacceptable drop in water pressure.  Specifying a micron rating that is not small enough may produce less than optimal results in keeping sediment out of your water supply.  Sometimes trial and error becomes the route to determining what works best in your situation. Experienced water treatment professionals have the benefit of many years of trial and error and will usually know what will work best in different situations.

SEDIMENT FILTERS ARE IMPORTANT because sediment can be abrasive to all of your water using appliances and can also negatively affect other types of water filtration or water softening equipment that you may have installed or are planning to install in your home or other facility. Removing sediment is also a good step in providing better drinking water, although not the only step if a higher level of purity is desired.  (For more on high quality drinking water, see the link at http://h2ocare.com/reverse-osmosis-ro-water-purification/.

CARBON CARTRIDGE WATER FILTER  use activated carbon to remove chemicals (such as chlorine, volatile organics and others) and some bad tastes and odors from water.  Carbon filters are also components of reverse osmosis purification systems to remove chlorine from water prior to flowing to the systems’ membrane which can be negatively affected by the chlorine. Water passes through activated carbon, which is porous, trapping certain particles that are attracted to the porous material in a process known as adsorption.  At some point, adsorption capacity is exceeded and the filter must be changed in order to be effective.  As with sediment water filters, the micron rating and size of the filter must be matched to the specific situation.

There are also other types of water filter cartridges for very specific purposes such as pH neutralizing, pipe protection and others.  These may be introduced to you by your water treatment professional if your particular situation warrants them.

POINT OF ENTRY, WHOLE HOUSE WATER FILTERS

WATER SOFTENERS

whole home water filtration system Northborough, MA

WHOLE HOUSE WATER SOFTENING SYSTEMS

A water softener is a type of whole house water filtration system that is designed for removing hard water minerals (magnesium & calcium) as well as dissolved iron and manganese from the water.  For water with high levels of iron or manganese (“the stainers”), an “up-flow” water softener is recommended to prevent mineral build-up in the bottom of the water softener.  Also, high efficiency water softeners that are more efficient with both water and salt usage are preferred.

POINT OF ENTRY, WHOLE HOUSE CARBON OR SEDIMENT FILTERS

water filter Northborough, ma

BACKWASHABLE CARBON OR SEDIMENT FILTER SYSTEM

In situations where there is high water usage and the use of cartridge filters doesn’t make sense, a point of entry system may be the solution.  These systems do not require the frequency of change-outs that cartridge filters do and have the ability to automatically clean themselves, extending the life of the media inside the tank.  Another example would be if your town supplied water is high in chlorine and you wish to eliminate it from your water supply, a point of entry carbon water filter will have enough capacity to last much longer and also remove more of the chlorine due to longer “contact time” that the water has with the filter.

BAD TASTES & ODORS, SEDIMENT

 chlorine smell and taste in water in Wilmington, MAfishy smell in water in Wilmington, marotten egg smell in water in Wilmington, MA

In addition to the above systems, there are many other types of systems to remove bad tastes & odors, sediment and many other objectionable minerals and contaminants in the water.  Starting with a water test will dictate the right approach.  For more information on common bad odors & tastes in New England water supplies, see the link at http://h2ocare.com/bad-odor-taste-water/.

Two health threat contaminants that may be found in the New England region in private wells are radon and arsenic.  For more information, please go to our website, http://www.h2ocare.com and on the home page, click on either of these key words for a full explanation and remedies.

With today’s available water filter and water softener technologies, controlling your Natick, MA home’s water quality is attainable through proper water testing and equipment specification. Proper on-going maintenance is also critical to maintain a consistent level of great water quality.

 

H2O Care is an established  water filtration and testing firm, formed in 1989 with offices in Hudson & Middleton, MA.  Articles published by the Company can be seen in Water Technology Magazine or linked through the website publications section on our website at http://h2ocare.wpengine.com. You can reach us by email at [email protected] or by calling us at 800-539-1100.

WATER FILTRATION SYSTEM NATICK, MA About Us Photo

WATER FILTRATION IPSWICH,MASSACHUSETTS

Ipswich water filtration and water softener

WATER FILTRATION FOR IPSWICH

The following discusses potential water quality issues or concerns as well as water filtration options for residents of Ipswich, MA.  Most of this presentation is directed toward the public water supply, however, if you have a private well you may experience similar or other water quality issues.

WHERE DOES YOUR IPSWICH WATER COME FROM?

The Town of Ipswich Water Treatment Plant draws water from Dow Reservoir and Bull Brook Reservoir, both located in the Parker River Watershed. The Town also draws water from five groundwater sources to augment this supply: Mile Lane and Browns Wells (Parker River Watershed) and Essex Road, Fellows Road, and Winthrop Estate Wells (Ipswich River Watershed). The Town makes every effort to monitor pumping and minimize withdrawals from the wells in the Ipswich River Watershed because of its fragile ecosystem.  For a link to the Annual Report, go to Annual Water Quality Report

WATER TREATMENT PROCESS BEFORE DISTRIBUTION (per the Ipswich Annual Report)

The surface water treatment process consists of a series of steps. First, the water in Dow Reservoir is circulated and aerated with a solar-powered mixer, which starts the oxidation process to remove the high levels of organic materials, iron, and manganese that are present in the water. The water then goes to the headworks of the WTP, where chlorine dioxide, chlorine, and sodium hydroxide are added to complete the oxidation process, provide initial disinfection, and raise alkalinity. During the next step, polyaluminum chloride is added in our rapid mixers. This addition causes small particles (called floc) to adhere to one another during the mixing process, making them heavy enough to settle into a basin from which this sediment is removed. After settling, the water is filtered through four feet of fine coal (granular activated carbon). As smaller, suspended particles (called turbidity) are removed, the turbidity disappears and clear water overflows into our holding clearwell. As the water collects in the clearwell, chlorine is added again as a precaution against any bacteria that may still be present. (We carefully monitor the amount of chlorine, adding the lowest quantity necessary to protect the safety of your water without compromising taste.) Finally, sodium hydroxide (to adjust the final pH and alkalinity), fluoride (to prevent tooth decay), and a corrosion inhibitor (to protect distribution system pipes) are added before the water is pumped into the distribution system and water standpipes, and finally into your home, school, or business. The treatment process for our groundwater wells basically consists of the addition of chlorine (a precaution against bacteria), fluoride (to prevent tooth decay), and a corrosion inhibitor (to protect distribution system pipes). Although our groundwater meets or exceeds all State and Federal Drinking Water quality standards, our groundwater sources contain higher levels of minerals (e.g., iron, manganese, and calcium), which are not able to be removed by our groundwater treatment.

As you can see, the treatment process is a complicated one and a difficult job.  Removing any remaining impurities from the water will require some type of water filtration and/or water softener system to complete.

SYMPTOMS OF COMMON WATER QUALITY ISSUES

 

Hard Water needs Water Softener

Damaging hard water scale build-up-in pipes

 

Water filtration or water softener for iron

Staining From Dissolved Iron in Water

Water Filtration Systems and Water Softeners

Water filtration systems can be installed for the removal of any of the potential causes of symptoms you may be experiencing.  Water softeners are typically installed to remove hard water minerals (magnesium and calcium), dissolved iron or manganese in the water through a technology called Ion Exchange.    There are different water softener designs and capacities and, depending on your specific water chemistry and volume usage, a properly designed system will work well.  To remove particulate iron or manganese, a properly sized sediment filter is required.  Hydrogen Sulfide is evidenced typically by a rotten egg smell in your water, however this may also be caused by high Manganese levels in the water as well.  A water filtration specifically for this problem is effective in correcting this.  Chlorine can be removed with a carbon filtration system to remove bad taste and odor.

Water Softener with Sediment & Carbon Filtration

Water Softener With Sediment & Carbon Filtration

Any water filtration system or water softener recommendation should start with a water test before an informed decision can be made.  This is important not only to figure out what needs to be removed from the water, but also to properly size the water softener or water filter. To determine what type of water testing to have performed and how to take a proper sample, call a water treatment professional or a state certified laboratory.

In summary, controlling your home’s water quality is attainable through proper water testing and equipment specification with today’s available water filtration technologies at a reasonable price.  Proper on-going maintenance is also critical to maintain a consistent level of great water quality.

 

H2O Care is an established, full service water filtration and testing organization, originally formed in 1989, based in Middleton, MA on route 114.  See our written and published articles in Water Technology Magazine by going to our website, http://h2ocare.wpengine.com and going to the publications tab at the top of the home page.  H2O Care has been installing and servicing water softeners and other water filtration equipment since 1989.

water filtration in Ipswich, MA

 

 

WATER FILTRATION GEORGETOWN,MA

Water Filtration Georgetown,MA

The following discusses potential water quality issues or concerns as well as water filtration options for residents of Georgetown, MA.

The Georgetown Water Department utilizes three groundwater wells to supply water to the town. These wells include the William Marshall Well and the Ronald I. Marshall (Duffy’s Landing) Well, both located off West Street behind the Water Treatment Plant, and the Commissioners Well, located off Bailey Lane near the bridge/culvert. These wells are shallow (40 to 60 feet deep), gravel packed wells that draw water from the Parker River aquifer. The water from all three wells is pH adjusted, filtered for iron and manganese removal, chlorinated for bacteria disinfection, and pumped into the distribution system.

The Water Department has a difficult task treating a difficult water supply for the town. For many years, Georgetown water has exhibited poor aesthetic qualities (color, odor, and taste) that have yielded problems in various areas of town. Complaints of staining have been received from customers throughout town. The color is the result of dissolved iron and manganese being oxidized by the chlorine added for bacteria disinfection. Once oxidized, the iron and manganese precipitates to a fine particulate that can attach to laundry, appliances, fixtures, etc. Color problems have also been associated with flow surges in the system from high volume water use or at the beginning of the filter backwash cycle at the water treatment plant. See the link at Annual Water Quality Report for a full report.

Water testing Georgetown, MA

POTENTIAL FOR STAINING, SCALING, TASTE & ODOR 

You may see some evidence of hard water scale on plumbing fixtures, iron/manganese staining in sinks, tubs, etc.    Due to the geographical lay out of the water distribution system in Georgetown, there are many dead ends where water does not flow at an optimal level due to cul de sacs, etc.  This has created, in some circumstances, a build-up of iron reducing bacteria (which is not a health threat) causing an objectionable odor from the water.  Chlorine, a disinfectant used to control bacteria and other potentially harmful substances, is added to the water supply.  In an attempt to battle the iron reducing bacterial problem, the town has in the past increased it’s chlorine levels to correct this problem.  Unfortunately, if your home is early in the water distribution system, you will experience higher levels of the chlorine and notice a potentially objectionable taste and/or odor.  For more information on Iron in water see the Water Technology Magazine article at the following link: http://www.watertechonline.com/iron-so-high-it-was-almost-frightening/.  For an article on Manganese in water, see the link at: http://www.watertechonline.com/manganese-the-good-for-you-bad-for-you-mineral/

These are correctable situations with a properly designed water filtration system or water softener installation.

Water filtration in Georgetown, MA

Dissolved Iron Build-Up

Water Filtration Systems and Water Softeners

Properly designed water filtration  and/or water softener systems can be installed for the removal of any of the potential causes of symptoms you may be experiencing.  A water softener is typically installed to remove dissolved iron or manganese in the water through Ion Exchange technology.    To remove particulate iron or manganese, a properly sized sediment filtration is required.  In Georgetown, however, due to other complications in the water chemistry, an air induction system combined with a specific filtration media is necessary to effectively remove the dissolved iron and manganese.  H2O Care, Inc. has consulted with the town of Georgetown to review this situation. Hydrogen Sulfide is evidenced typically by a rotten egg smell in your water, however this may also be caused by high Manganese levels in the water as well.  A water filtration specifically for this problem is effective in correcting this.

Chlorine can be removed with a specific type of carbon filtration system to remove bad taste and odor.  Not all carbon filters will work on removing chlorine from the water.

Water softener in Georgetown, MA

Water Softener with Sediment & Carbon Filtration Installed in Basement

Water filtration system or water softener recommendations should start with a water test before an informed decision can be made.  To determine what type of water testing to have performed and how to take a proper sample, call a water treatment professional or a state certified laboratory.

 

In summary, controlling your Georgetown home’s water quality is attainable through proper water testing and equipment specification with today’s available water filtration technologies at a reasonable price.  Proper on-going maintenance is also critical to maintain a consistent level of great water quality.

water filtration in Georgetown, MA

H2O Care is an established,  full service water filtration and testing organization, originally formed in 1989, based in Middleton, MA on route 114.  See our written and published articles in Water Technology Magazine by going to our website, http://h2ocare.wpengine.com and going to the publications tab at the top of the home page.  H2O Care has been installing and servicing water softeners and other water filtration equipment since 1989.

 

WATER FILTER FOR FRAMINGHAM

Framingham water filter

The following information identifies the Framingham, MA public water source as well as some potential water quality issues that may benefit from a water filter or water softener system.  If you have a private well, you should have your water tested and analyzed before deciding if, or what type of water filter system you should consider installing.

FRAMINGHAM,MA PUBLIC WATER SUPPLY

The Framingham water supply originates from the Massachusetts Water Resources Authority (MWRA), originating at the Quabbin and Wachusett reservoirs, approximately 65 and 35 miles west, respectively.  The latest available Annual Water Quality Report can be viewed at the following link MWRA Link.  While the water quality is generally pretty good from MWRA, there are issues that may occur causing various types of staining in the home’s sinks, bathtubs, toilets, showers and other plumbing fixtures.  Additionally, you may experience taste and odor issues that are commonly associated with chloramine (a chlorine, ammonia compound), which is used to disinfect the water and control bacterial growth.  There is a “Frequently Asked Questions” publication provided by MWRA that reviews what you may encounter.  See the link at Q & A MWRA

Water Softener & Water Filter

Water Softener & Sediment Filtration installed at Point of Entry in Basement

Water Filters and Water Softeners

Water filters can be installed for the removal of any of the potential causes of symptoms you may be experiencing in Framingham.  Water softeners are typically installed to remove dissolved iron or manganese in the water through a technology called Ion Exchange.    To remove particulate iron or manganese, a properly sized sediment filter is required.  Chloramine can be removed with a carbon filter to remove bad taste and odor or with a reverse osmosis system for an even greater degree of water purification.

For more information on manganese, see the Water Technology Magazine article at Manganese in Water Article .  For more information on Iron in water, see the link at Iron Article in Water Technology Magazine.

Any water filter or water softener recommendation for your home in Framingham should start with a water test before an informed decision can be made.  To determine what type of water testing to have performed and how to take a proper sample, call a water treatment professional or a state certified laboratory.

Reverse Osmosis Water Filter

Reverse Osmosis Purification System installed under sink. System may be installed in basement & feed a separate faucet at the sink

In summary, controlling your Framingham, MA home’s water quality is attainable through proper water testing and equipment specification with today’s available water filtration technologies at a reasonable price.  Proper on-going maintenance is also critical to maintain a consistent level of great water quality.

 

H2O Care is a regional water filtration and testing firm, formed in 1989.  Articles published by the Company can be seen in Water Technology Magazine or linked through the website publications section at http://h2ocare.wpengine.com

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