ARSENIC IN WATER REMOVAL IN MASSACHUSETTS

REMOVING ARSENIC IN WATER

arsenic in water removal

Arsenic in water removal, safely & reliably in Massachusetts

Arsenic is a naturally occurring contaminant that is tasteless, odorless and colorless.  It may also be found due to residual from Apple Orchard spraying, treated wood or coal ash residue.  Many Massachusetts homeowners are quite surprised when they get their laboratory water test results back and see they have arsenic in their well water.  While there are serious health threats associated with ingestion, there are effective methods for its removal from well water.  For detail on potential health affects, see the link at: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs372/en/

TYPES OF ARSENIC IN WELL WATER

remove arsenic from water in Massachusetts   There are two primary forms of Arsenic found in well water, Arsenic III and Arsenic V.  Many Arsenic removal media have a low capacity for removing Arsenic III from the water, therefore, determining the ratio of Arsenic III versus Arsenic V in the water is critical. This will allow the design and implementation of a water treatment system that will effectively remove it from the water.  There are methods to oxidize the Arsenic III and convert it to Arsenic V for ease of removal.

Arsenic removal from well water

Arsenic removal tanks with media inside

WATER TEST & ANALYSIS

Water testing in Massachusetts

Massachusetts water test

Having a complete laboratory water test and analysis, including parameters that can negatively impact arsenic removal media, is critical to a well designed, safe water treatment system.  pH can significantly affect Arsenic media performance along with other competing ions such as Iron, Manganese, Hardness, Vanadium, Sulfate, Phosphate, Silica, Total Dissolved Solids, Suspended Solids and Hydrogen Sulfide.  For a full article on this topic we’ve had published in Water Technology Magazine, go to our publications section and click on the Arsenic removal article at http://h2ocare.com/publications/

WATER USAGE

water testing in Massachusetts

Determining water usage is also critical to designing an effective removal system that will have the proper capacity.  Key information would include well pump size, well pump flow rate, size of the incoming water line, number of residents in the home, the number of bathrooms, space availability for equipment installation, electrical availability and water discharge location or restrictions,  among others.

TRACKING USAGE AFTER SYSTEM INSTALLATION IS CRITICAL

A couple of key components for consideration when designing this type of system include:

  1.  Utilizing a meter to track flow rate and total gallons processed is critical to determine the home’s water demand.
  2.  Gallons used readings also assist in uncovering any potential leaks in the home such as running toilets, which will unnecessarily prematurely deplete the Arsenic media’s capacity.

LEAD/LAG

Because Arsenic is an tasteless, colorless and odorless contaminant, it is particularly important to have two tanks in series in case the first tank is depleted prior to scheduled service with your water treatment company.  Service should be scheduled at intervals determined by the water use tracking data accumulated. This combined with appropriate water testing intervals are added safeguards to prevent Arsenic from getting into the treated water entering the home.

In summary, finding Arsenic in your well water may first come as a shock, however , if you are contemplating buying a home that has Arsenic in the well, you can have a safe, effective system installed to eliminate this problem.

 

arsenic in water filtration in Massachusetts

http://h2ocare.wpengine.com

H2O Care is an established Massachusetts based water testing & filtration company formed in 1989.  The company has been published multiple times in Water Technology Magazine and other periodicals for water contaminants of concern.  Contact us at [email protected] or call 800-539-1100.

WATER FILTRATION FOR WAYLAND, MASSACHUSETTS

Wayland water filtration

As a resident, or prospective resident of Wayland, MA, you may want to consider a water filtration system if you are on a private well.  Although the town removes many of the contaminants from the water supply in its filtration process, there are some additions to the water supply that, although needed (chlorine for disinfection of microorganisms) and fluoride (controversial – see article on Fluoride in Drinking Water at http://www.watertechonline.com/to-fluoridate-or-not-to-fluoridate/), you may want to remove prior to drinking.  Additionally, most water supplies in New England have elevated levels of iron and manganese which town water supplies try to reduce the best they can.  To completely eliminate these minerals would require a system that is not economically feasible and/or operationally impractical.  To get rid of it all, a water softener or water filtration system would be required.

 

PUBLIC WATER SUPPLY IN WAYLAND

The Baldwin Pond Treatment Plant uses a process called Ultra Filtration. This type of filtration has several advantages over traditional water filtration: • Removes pathogens and turbidity in only one treatment step • Provides an absolute barrier for bacteria, viruses, and parasites • Compared to conventional disinfection treatment, no deactivated pathogens remain in the water. This process involves a number of steps starting with ozonation. Raw water is pumped into the Treatment Plant from a combination of three groundwater wells. Once in the plant, the raw water is dosed with ozone to oxidize the iron and manganese that is naturally present in the groundwater. Next, potassium hydroxide is added to adjust the pH of the raw water and polyaluminum chloride to aide in flocculation of the iron and manganese particles. Then the raw water enters the ozone contact tank where the oxidation and flocculation takes place. After 70 minutes of travel time, the water enters one of two 500-micron prefilters to remove larger particles. Once this process is complete, the raw water enters the Ultra Filtration Units. After filtration, the water travels to the clear well where sodium hypochlorite is added for disinfection, and sodium fluoride is added to help prevent tooth decay. The Water Division continues to operate five (5) other wells that all have a similar treatment process. Water is pumped out of the ground where potassium hydroxide is added to adjust the pH. Sodium hypochlorite is added for disinfection, and sodium fluoride is added to help prevent tooth decay.

Water filtration for Iron in Wayland

Dissolved Iron Build-Up

 

Water filtration for low pH in Wayland

Bluish/Green Staining from Dissolved copper due to low pH

 

Water Softener & Water Filtration Wayland, MA

Water Softener & Sediment Filtration Installed at Point of Entry in Basement for Whole Home Water Conditioning

 

Water Filtration Systems and Water Softeners

Water filtration systems can be installed for overall quality improvement or for the removal of any of the potential causes of symptoms you may be experiencing.  Water softeners are typically installed to remove dissolved iron or manganese in the water through a technology called Ion Exchange.    To remove particulate iron or manganese, a properly sized sediment filter is required.  Chlorine can be removed with a carbon filtration system to remove bad taste and odor.  Hydrogen Sulfide is evidenced typically by a rotten egg smell in your water, however this may be caused by high Manganese levels in the water as well.  A water filtration specifically for this problem is effective in correcting this.

Any water filtration system or water softener recommendation should start with a water test before an informed decision can be made.  To determine what type of water testing to have performed and how to take a proper sample, call a water treatment professional or a state certified laboratory.

Reverse Osmosis Water Filtration Wayland, MA

Reverse Osmosis Purification System installed under sink. System may be installed in basement to feed a separate sink faucet

In summary, controlling your home’s water quality is attainable through proper water testing and equipment specification with today’s available water filtration technologies at a reasonable price.  Proper on-going maintenance is also critical to maintain a consistent level of great water quality.

H2O Care is an established, Massachusetts based water filtration and testing firm, formed in 1989.  Articles published by the Company can be seen in Water Technology Magazine or linked through the website publications section at http://h2ocare.wpengine.comNote: New Hudson, MA office opening on Main St. (rte. 62) in May, 2017

water filtration in Wayland, MA 

http://h2ocare.wpengine.com

WATER FILTRATION SHREWSBURY?

Shrewsbury water filtration service

WATER FILTRATION IN SHREWSBURY

Residents of Shrewsbury, MA have their homes supplied by either the town’s public water supply or their own private well water.  The following discusses both situations with regard to potential water quality issues or concerns and the possible need for a water filtration system or water softener.  Water softening is very effective when properly specified, installed and serviced.

SHREWSBURY, MA PUBLIC WATER SUPPLY

According to the Annual Water Quality Report, the town’s water supply comes entirely from a series of seven (7) active gravel packed groundwater supply wells, located in the northwest quadrant of Town. The six wells are pumped to the Home Farm Water Treatment Plant facility for treatment before entering the distribution system. State and federal drinking water regulations require certain chemical treatments before groundwater enters the distribution system:  Air stripping is performed on the waters from the Home Farm, 6-1, Home Farm 6-3 & 6-4 satellite wells and 6- 2 wells to remove VOC’S (Volatile Organic Compounds). After treatment, levels have remained undetectable.  Chlorine is added to disinfect the water to prevent waterborne diseases  Potassium Hydroxide which adjusts the pH of the water and a phosphate based corrosion inhibitor is added to minimize lead and copper. Also, manganese is sequestered in the process to prevent problems in the distribution system  Fluoride is added for tooth decay prevention.  For more detail, see the Annual report at the following link: Shrewsbury, MA Annual Report.  The  Shrewsbury Water Department, 100 Maple Ave, can be contacted at  (508) 841-8506 for more information.

Common Water Quality Issues in Shrewsbury Private Well Water

Shrewsbury residents with private well water often inquire about water filtration systems or water softeners (water softening) with regard to correcting low pH (corrosion)Iron, Manganese, Hard Water and High Total Dissolved Solids (TDS).  When water test results show low pH combined with High TDS, a properly designed water filtration system can become more complicated.  In this case, a non-traditional, but effective approach may have to be taken to neutralize the low pH.  Hydrogen Sulfide is evidenced typically by a rotten egg smell in your water, however this may also be caused by high Manganese levels in the water as well.  A water filtration specifically for this problem is effective in correcting this.  Water softening is very effective when properly specified, installed and serviced.   See articles in Water Technology Magazine on Iron in water and Manganese in water at the following link: http://h2ocare.com/publications/

Water filtration for Iron

Dissolved Iron Build-Up

Water filtration for low pH

Blue/Green Staining from Dissolved Copper due to low pH of water

Water testing

As a home buyer or seller, there are always questions that come up regarding testing the water when a home is serviced by a private well.  If you are buying, have bought or are selling a home that has its own well water in Shrewsbury, you will need to make sure it is tested.  Informed decisions regarding the need for a water softener (water softening) or any other water filtration system cannot be made without a complete water test being performed and analyzed.

Water testing should be conducted by an EPA or Massachusetts state certified laboratory and should include minimally, an analysis for the parameters in the table below.  If you are uncertain as to what to have tested and how to take a proper sample and get it to a lab, you should contact a lab or water treatment professional for assistance.   In addition to hard water minerals, other typical items tested for are as follows:

Coliform bacteria pH
Arsenic Radon
Chloride Sodium
Iron Sulfate
Lead Conductivity
Manganese Nitrogen-Nitrate

If the testing results for Radon exceed the current Massachusetts guideline of ten thousand (10,000) pCi/L in water, then the radon must be removed from the water and it is recommended that testing the air for Radon is performed as well.  It should be noted that New Hampshire requires action if radon is 2,000 pCi/L (pico curries per liter), Maine and Rhode Island are at 4,000 pCi/L.  A water filtration system that will agitate and remove the radon gas by venting it outside will correct the radon in water issue.   If the results for Arsenic come in at or above .01 parts per billion, then a water filtration system for removing the Arsenic must be installed.

 

Water softener install

Water Softener with Sediment Filtration Installed in Basement

Water Filtration Systems

Water filtration or water softening systems can be installed to soften hard water or for the removal of any of the contaminants listed in the above table.  Water softeners are typically installed to remove hard water minerals (calcium & magnesium), iron or manganese in the water through a technology called Ion Exchange.  Arsenic is removed with tanks containing a specific media that “grabs” the arsenic out of the water.  Removing radon from water requires a system which agitates the water in a sealed compartment, then vents it safely to the outside ambient air.  Other technologies and systems are used to remove the other contaminants.  Any water filtration system designed should start with a water test before an informed recommendation can be made.

 

water filtration in Shrewsbury, MA

H2O Care is an established, Massachusetts based water filtration and testing firm, formed in 1989.  Articles published by the Company can be seen in Water Technology Magazine or linked through the website publications section at http://h2ocare.wpengine.com.  H2O Care services all makes & models.

WATER SOFTENER FOR WESTWOOD?

Westwood,MA Water Softener

WATER SOFTENER

Water softener or water filtration system options are identified in this paper for purposes of improving water quality in Westwood, MA.  Additionally, certain aspects of the public water supply are reviewed.  If you have a private well, it is highly recommended that you get your water tested and analyzed.  This is the only way to identify whether or not you should be considering a water filtration system or water softener (water softening) system.

WESTWOOD’S PUBLIC WATER SOURCE

The District’s water supply is from groundwater. There are fourteen wells, six in Westwood and eight in Dedham. There are also emergency connections with the Massachusetts Water Resources Authority, the City of Boston and the Towns of Norwood and Needham. There is also the ability to purchase water from the MWRA on a routine basis, up to 36 million gallons annually, however less than 1% of the annual water requirement is accessed this way..

The District has two water treatment plants where water from all of its regularly pumped wells is filtered. Chlorine is added for disinfection, fluoride is added for preventing tooth decay, and iron and manganese (naturally occurring minerals found in New England groundwater) are removed. The pH and alkalinity are adjusted to neutralize the  slightly acidic characteristics of the groundwater so that it is less corrosive to piping and plumbing. Numerous tests are performed, ranging from continuously, for monitoring pH and other treatment plant performance indicators, while other parameters are analyzed daily, weekly, quarterly or annually depending on regulatory requirements.  For the full Annual Water Quality Report, see the link at: Westwood MA Annual-Water-Quality-Report

HARD WATER

According to information taken from the Annual Water Quality Report, average water hardness was identified at 116.5 mg/L (miligrams per liter) with a range from 89.9 to 143 mg/L.  The average level tested is in the moderately hard range (see scale below), while the upper level of the range tested is considered hard.  A water test would be required to determine what level your home’s water is at.

See the hard water scale below:

Water Softener for Westwood, MA

Hard water may result in scaling on plumbing fixtures and inside pipes, dull laundry, and will make it “harder to clean” than with soft water. When water falls as rain, it’s “soft” and free of hard water minerals. It picks up minerals as it passes through rock, sand and soil. Hard water is high in mineral salts, especially calcium and magnesium ions. This is no fault of the town, but just the cards they have been dealt.  For more information on hard water, see the link at the Water Quality Association website at Perceptible-Issues/Scale-Deposits

Hard Water in Westwood, MA needs Water Softener

DAMAGING HARD WATER SCALE UNCHECKED

WATER SOFTENER & OTHER WATER FILTRATION SYSTEMS

Water filtration or water softening systems can be installed for the removal of any of the potential causes of symptoms you may be experiencing.  Water softeners are typically installed to remove dissolved hard water minerals (calcium and magnesium) and dissolved iron or manganese in the water through a technology called Ion Exchange.   To remove particulate iron or manganese, a properly sized sediment filter is required.  Hydrogen Sulfide is evidenced typically by a rotten egg smell in your water, however this may also be caused by high Manganese levels in the water as well.  A water filtration specifically for this problem is effective in correcting this.  Chlorine or chloramine can be removed with a carbon filtration system while removing bad taste and odor.

Water Softener for Westwood, MA

WATER SOFTENER

 

Water Softener with Sediment Filter in Westwood, MA

WATER SOFTENER WITH SEDIMENT FILTER

Any water filtration system or water softener recommendation should start with a water test before an informed decision can be made.  To determine what type of water testing to have performed and how to take a proper sample, call a water treatment professional or a state certified laboratory.

In summary, controlling your home’s water quality is attainable through proper water testing and equipment specification with today’s available water filtration technologies at a reasonable price.  Proper on-going maintenance is also critical to maintain a consistent level of great water quality.

H2O Care is an established  water filtration and testing firm with offices in Hudson & Middleton, MA, formed in 1989.  Articles published by the Company can be seen in Water Technology Magazine or linked through the website publications section at h2o care website.

WATER SOFTENER WESTWOOD, MA

WATER SOFTENER FOR ROWLEY, MASSACHUSETTS

Rowley,MA Water Filtration

This paper reviews potential water quality issues as well as water softener (water softening) or other filtration options for residents of Rowley, MA.  Most of this presentation is directed toward the public water supply, however, if you have a private well you may experience similar and/or other water quality issues.  Being a private well owner puts the responsibility of water testing and water quality maintenance in your own hands.  If you need assistance in determining proper testing parameters and intervals, contact a water treatment professional or state certified lab.

WHERE DOES ROWLEY’S PUBLIC WATER SUPPLY COME FROM?

The drinking water for the Town of Rowley comes from three groundwater wells located on Town-owned parcels of land within the Parker River Basin. Groundwater comes from rain and snow melt percolating through the ground and flows through the spaces between soil particles and through fractures in rock. paces between soil particles and through fractures in rock. Groundwater is vulnerable to contamination from many types of land uses and activities, including road salt, septic systems and improper disposal of hazardous materials.

HOW ARE THESE SOURCES PROTECTED? Mass DEP has prepared a Source Water Assessment Program (SWAP) Report for the water supply sources serving the Town of Rowley. The SWAP Report assesses the susceptibility of public water supplies. A susceptibility rating of high was assigned to this system using the information collected during Mass DEP’s assessment, due to the absence of hydrological barriers that could prevent migration of contamination into the Town’s groundwater supply. The complete SWAP Report is available at http://www.mass.gov/dep/water/drinking/swapreps.htm. You can also visit Rowley’s website http://www.rowleywater.com for more information.

For the complete Rowley Annual Report, go to the link at: 2015 Water Quality Report

WATER TREATMENT PROCESS BEFORE DISTRIBUTION (per the Rowley Annual Report)

Per the Rowley Annual Report, “Our water system makes every effort to provide you with good quality drinking water. Well #3 and Well #5 are treated and filtered through the treatment plant. We add sodium hypochlorite for disinfection to protect you against microbial contaminants, potassium permanganate for manganese removal, ortho-polyphosphate for sequestration of iron, and sodium hydroxide for pH adjustment and corrosion control. Well #2 is treated with sodium hypochlorite for disinfection to protect you against microbial contaminants, ortho-polyphosphate for sequestration of iron, and sodium hydroxide for pH adjustment and corrosion control.”

 

Hard Water needs Water Softener for Rowley,MA

DAMAGING HARD WATER SCALE UNCHECKED

 

Water filtration or water softener for iron in Rowley,MA

DISSOLVED IRON STAINING

 

Water Softener / Water Filtration Systems 

Water filtration or water softener systems can be installed for the removal of any of the potential causes of symptoms you may be experiencing.  Water softeners are typically installed to remove hard water minerals (magnesium and calcium), dissolved iron or manganese in the water.   Water softener technology is called Ion Exchange.   There are different water softener designs and capacities and, depending on your specific water chemistry and volume usage, a properly designed system will work well.  To remove particulate iron or manganese, a properly sized sediment filter is required.  Hydrogen Sulfide is evidenced typically by a rotten egg smell in your water, however this may also be caused by high Manganese levels in the water as well.  A water filtration specifically for this problem is effective in correcting this.  Chlorine can be removed with a carbon filtration system and also remove bad taste and odor.  For more information on Iron or Manganese, see the attached link for articles in Water Technology Magazine: http://h2ocare.com/publications/

Water Softener with Sediment & Carbon Filtration in Rowley,MA

Water Softener With Sediment / Carbon Filtration

Any water filtration system or water softener (water softening) recommendation should start with a water test before an informed decision can be made.  This is important not only to figure out what needs to be removed from the water, but also to properly size the water softener or water filter. To determine what type of water testing to have performed and how to take a proper sample, call a water treatment professional or a state certified laboratory.

In summary, controlling your home’s water quality is attainable through proper water testing and water softener or water filtration specification.  Proper on-going maintenance is also critical to maintain a consistent level of great water quality.

 

WATER SOFTENER ROWLEY, MA

H2O Care is an established full service water filtration and testing organization, originally formed in 1989, based in Middleton, MA on route 114.  See our written and published articles in Water Technology Magazine by going to our website, http://h2ocare.wpengine.com and going to the publications tab at the top of the home page.  H2O Care has been installing and servicing water softeners and other water filtration equipment since 1989.

 

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