WOULD A WATER SOFTENER BENEFIT MY HUDSON HOME?
As a Hudson, MA resident, you likely have the town supplying your home with water but may have a private well, both of which may benefit from a water softener or other water filtration system. Later in this write-up, specific contaminants that are commonly found in Hudson private wells and the public water supply are identified and effective water filtration or water softener methods are covered. Excellent water quality is achievable with the proper approach.
WHERE DOES MY WATER COME FROM IN HUDSON,MA?
The Hudson, MA public water supply is a blended supply. Approximately 22% comes from the city of Marlborough,MA (which has a blended supply themselves from the MWRA, Lake Williams and the Millham reservoir in Marlborough). The remaining 78% comes from several sources within Hudson including Gates Pond Reservoir and five different wells. The water treatment that takes place prior to entering the distribution system varies depending on the source. See the Hudson, MA water quality report at the following link: Hudson Consumer Conf. Report. If you have your own private well, your are your own supplier and are responsible for your own water quality. For more, see below.
WATER TEST FIRST
If you have a private well, water testing should be conducted by an EPA or Massachusetts state certified laboratory and should include analysis for at least the parameters in the table below. If you are uncertain as to how to take a proper sample and get it to a lab, you should contact a lab or water treatment professional for assistance. They can walk you through the steps required to complete this task. If your water is town supplied, they frequently test for health threat contaminants, therefore, an in-home water test can be performed on items such as iron, hardness, manganese, pH or chlorine level. Depending on whether or not your home is supplied by the town or you have a private well, items which may be tested for at a lab are as follows:
|Hardness||Total Dissolved Solids|
COMMON WATER CONTAMINANTS
Some common issues encountered in Hudson are manganese, iron and hard water. Private wells may also experience low pH and sometimes the health threats arsenic and radon. Hydrogen sulfide is evidenced typically by a rotten egg smell in your water. This may also be caused by high Manganese levels in the water as well. This problem is easily correctable with a water filtration system design specifically for this purpose. It is particularly important to know if your private well water contains health threat contaminants in order to proceed accordingly and effectively. See the “Water Softener and Other Water Filtration Systems” section below for more information on typical methods for removing water contaminants. For a chart of symptoms, causes and solutions, see the link at Common Regional Water Problems.
WATER SOFTENER INSTALLATION
A water softener is typically installed to remove hard water minerals, dissolved iron and manganese in the water through a technology called Ion Exchange. A high efficiency water softener uses much less water and salt in the system’s self-cleaning (regeneration) cycle than older water softener systems. Particulate iron or manganese (which is visible in the water) can be removed with properly sized sediment filtration. For more information about iron in water, see the article at the following link: Iron Article in Water Technology Magazine. For more information on Manganese in water, see the link at: Manganese in Water Article in Water Technology.
REMOVE RADON FROM WATER
If testing results for Radon exceed the current Massachusetts guideline of 10,000 pCi/L (Pico curries per liter) in water, the radon must be removed from the water and it is recommended testing the air for Radon as well. It should be noted that New Hampshire requires action if radon is only at 2,000 pCi/L. Maine and Rhode Island actionable levels are at 4,000 pCi/L. Radon is effectively removed with a system that agitates the water in a sealed chamber, then vents the released radon gas safely outside of the home. This equipment is installed at the water supply’s point of entry into the home. For more information on radon see the link at http://h2ocare.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/radon-removal-from-well-water-91015.pdf.
REMOVING ARSENIC FROM WATER
The maximum allowable level of Arsenic in drinking water per the EPA is .01 mg/L (miligrams per liter) or 10 parts per billion. For more information on this see the link at http://www.mass.gov/eea/agencies/massdep/water/drinking/arsenic-in-private-well-water-faqs.html. Removing radon from water requires a system in which the water is agitated in a sealed chamber then vented to the outside, sending the radon gas to ambient air. Removing Arsenic from water requires running the water through tanks containing a specific media that is arsenic specific. Other technologies and systems are used to remove other contaminants. Any water filtration system designed should start with a water test before an informed recommendation can be made.
If your home is supplied by town water, you may notice odor and taste associated with Chlorine as this is used for disinfection purposes by the town to control microorganisms including bacteria and others. Carbon water filtration systems are effective at removing chlorine and the associated taste and odors that come with it. These systems can either be installed at the point of entry in your home, typically in the basement, or at a point of use for drinking water only. A reverse osmosis drinking water system will also take care of this issue.
H2O Care is an established water filtration and testing firm, formed in 1989 with offices in Hudson (439 Main St.) & Middleton, MA. Articles published by the Company can be seen in Water Technology Magazine or linked through the website publications section at http://h2ocare.wpengine.com. We can be reached by email at [email protected] or by calling 978-777-8330.