Properly specified water treatment systems will address any potential water quality issues experienced in Portsmouth. Matching the right technology and sizing the system to meet your water usage demands are crucial to a successful outcome. Additionally, a professionally plumbed system is extremely important as well as maintenance of the system throughout the years to optimize the useful life and proper functioning of your new equipment. For the public water supply annual water quality reports, see the link at annual water quality reports.
A water softener is a type of whole house water treatment system that is designed for removing hard water minerals (magnesium & calcium) as well as dissolved iron and manganese from the water. For water with high levels of iron or manganese (“the stainers”), an “up-flow” water softener is recommended to prevent mineral build-up in the bottom of the water softener. Also, high efficiency water softeners that are more efficient with both water and salt usage are preferred.
WHOLE HOME WATER TREATMENT – Radon & arsenic in private wells
Other contaminants found in New England well water include Radon and Arsenic. A water softener will not remove these health threat contaminants. Radon in water is safely removed with an aeration system that agitates the incoming well water, releasing the gas from the water in a sealed chamber. This gas is then safely vented to the outside ambient air.
Arsenic in water can be removed at the point of entry into the home by installing tanks filled with arsenic media that captures the arsenic before it can get into the home’s water supply. Point of use systems for drinking water can use reverse osmosis membrane technology to effectively remove arsenic at the point of dispensing. Speak to a water treatment professional to decide which system is right for you.
BAD ODORS, TASTE & SEDIMENT REMOVAL
In addition to the above, there are many other systems to remove bad tastes & odors, sediment and many other objectionable minerals and contaminants in the water. Starting with a water test will lead to the right approach. For more information on common bad odors & tastes in water supplies, see the link at http://bad-odor-taste/.
For more on hard water, see https://water.usgs/edu/hardness.
REMOVAL OF PFAS IN WATER
There are technologies effective in removing PFAS from drinking water, especially Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and Perfluoro octane sulfonic acid (PFOS), which are the most studied of these chemicals. The most effective technologies include ion exchange, activated carbon adsorption and reverse osmosis. For whole house filtration of PFAS, Ion exchange is proving to be a better approach. See link for more detail on removal options at https://h2ocare.com/what-are-pfas/