Whole house water filtration systems come in various types and sizes to address the potential water quality issues experienced in Grafton well water or town water. Both matching the right technology and sizing the system to meet the water usage demands of your home is key after analyzing water test results. Additionally, a professionally plumbed system is critical as well as maintenance of the system throughout the years to optimize the useful life and proper functioning of your new equipment as it processes thousands of gallons of water every month.
While symptoms of water quality issues such as bad odors & taste, staining of laundry, bathroom fixtures, etc. are indicators of problems, the preferred starting point is to get a water test to identify the minerals or contaminants in the water and at what quantity they exist. This will lead to an effective system recommendation and route to providing your home with excellent water quality. While certain minerals & contaminants can be tested on-site, health threat items like radon in water, arsenic in water, nitrates and others should be properly sampled and brought to a certified laboratory for testing that requires specialized equipment.
WATER SOFTENERS & WATER FILTRATION SYSTEMS
A water softener is a type of whole house water filtration system that is designed for removing hard water minerals (magnesium & calcium) as well as dissolved iron and manganese from the water. Water is considered “hard” when water contains higher levels of dissolved calcium and magnesium. Hard water makes cleaning clothes more difficult, creates streaking on dishes and glasses, and makes cleaning your hair and skin well a challenge. Hard water can also damage your home’s piping distribution system if not corrected. There are high efficiency filtration solutions that will condition your hard water by removing these hard water minerals through the proven ion exchange water softening process. For water with high levels of iron or manganese (“the stainers”), an “upflow” water softener is recommended to prevent mineral build-up in the bottom of the water softener. Also, high efficiency water softeners that are more efficient with both water and salt usage are preferred.
WHOLE HOUSE WATER FILTRATION – BAD TASTES & ODORS
There are various objectionable smells and tastes that may present themselves in drinking water supplies, where from a private well or public water supply. Homeowners on public water supplies often cite an objectionable chlorine smell & taste. Chlorination is the process of adding chlorine to drinking water to disinfect it and kill germs. It is the most common method employed by cities and towns used for this purpose. While the chemical could be harmful in high doses, when it is properly added to water it mixes and results in low levels that kill germs but are still safe to drink. The dosing levels of chlorine may vary during the course of the year. During the summer months when the water heats up, the potential for increased bacterial activity typically is countered with higher doses of chlorine. Also, depending on where your home is in the distribution system, you may have a higher level of chlorine in your water if you live closer to the water treatment plant and less if you are farther downstream.
The smell and taste given off by highly chlorinated water can be very off putting. Who hasn’t lifted a water glass in a restaurant to a heavy whiff of chlorine? A carbon filter or carbon filtration system is very effective at removing this annoying water quality issue as well as some other bad odors and tastes. For more detail on various types of odors & tastes with respective causes and solutions, see the link at Bad Tastes & Odors in Water.
FILTRATION FOR POTENTIAL PRIVATE WELL WATER CONTAMINANTS
Other contaminants found in New England well water include Radon and Arsenic. A water softener will not remove these health threat contaminants. Radon in water is safely removed with an aeration system that agitates the incoming well water, releasing the gas from the water in a sealed chamber. This gas is then safely vented to the outside ambient air.
Arsenic in water can be removed at the point of entry into the home by installing tanks filled with arsenic specific resin that captures the arsenic before it can get into the home’s water supply. Point of use systems for drinking water can use reverse osmosis technology to effectively remove arsenic as well. Speak to a water treatment professional to decide which system is right for you.
In addition to the above systems described, there are many other types of systems to remove bad tastes & odors, sediment and many other objectionable minerals and contaminants in the water. Starting with a water test will dictate the right approach.