There are various types and sizes of whole house water filtration systems available to address potential water quality issues experienced in Swansea, Massachusetts town water or well water. Not only is matching the right technology important, but also sizing the system to meet the water usage demands of your home is very important. Additionally, a professionally plumbed system is also critical as well as maintenance of the system throughout the years to optimize the useful life and proper functioning of your new equipment which will process thousands of gallons of water per month.
While symptoms of water quality issues such as bad odors & taste, staining of laundry, bathroom fixtures, etc. are indicators of problems, the preferred starting point is to get a water test to identify the minerals or contaminants in the water and at what quantity they exist. This will lead to an effective system recommendation and route to providing your home with excellent water quality. While certain minerals & contaminants can be tested on-site (iron, hardness, pH, total dissolved solids, chlorine level), health threat items like radon in water, arsenic in water, nitrates and others should be properly sampled and brought to a certified laboratory for testing that requires specialized equipment.
WATER SOFTENER SYSTEMS
A water softener is a type of whole house water filtration system that is designed for removing hard water minerals (magnesium & calcium) as well as dissolved iron and manganese from the water. For water with high levels of iron or manganese (“the stainers”), an “up-flow” water softener is recommended to prevent mineral build-up in the bottom of the water softener. Also, high efficiency water softeners that are more efficient with both water and salt usage are preferred. If the main concern is chlorine levels, bad taste & odor, a system which looks similar to a water softener but contains activated carbon media inside will address this problem and improve water throughout the home .
TRIHALOMETHANES & HALOACETIC ACID
There are other types of systems to remove other contaminants in the water such as Trihalomethanes and Haloacetic Acid which may be present in town supplied water. These are unintended by-products formed when using chlorine disinfection which then mixes with organic materials in the water. If the levels of these are above a certain level, your town is required to notify you as they may have negative health affects depending on amounts and length of exposure. Activated carbon filtration is effective in removing these two contaminants from the water.
There are various types of bad odors and tastes that you may experience in your water. Hydrogen Sulfide is not uncommon and is evidenced typically by a rotten egg smell in your water, however this may also be caused by high Manganese levels as well. A water filtration specifically for this problem is effective in correcting this. For a more complete description of this and other potential bad odors and taste in your water, see the link at http://h2ocare.com/bad-odor-taste-water/.
You may notice odor and taste issues if your home is supplied by town water, typically associated with Chlorine. Chlorine is used for disinfection purposes by the town to control microorganisms including bacteria and others that may be present in the water distribution system. Carbon water filtration systems are effective at removing chlorine and the associated taste and odors that come with it. These systems can either be installed at the point of entry in your home, typically in the basement, or at a point of use for drinking water only.
WHOLE HOUSE WATER FILTRATION – RADON & ARSENIC
Other contaminants found in New England well water include Radon and Arsenic. A water softener will not remove these health threat contaminants. Radon in water is safely removed with an aeration system that agitates the incoming well water, releasing the gas from the water in a sealed chamber. This gas is then safely vented to the outside ambient air.
Arsenic in water can be removed at the point of entry into the home by installing tanks filled with arsenic specific resin that captures the arsenic before it can get into the home’s water supply. Point of use systems for drinking water can use reverse osmosis technology to effectively remove arsenic as well. Speak to a water treatment professional to decide which system is right for you.