SALT FREE WATER SOFTENER FOR SUDBURY, MA

salt free water softener Sudbury, MA

WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT SALT FREE WATER SOFTENERS IN SUDBURY, MA

Several companies have begun promoting a Salt Free Water Softener.  They claim these systems will change the physical properties of hardness minerals (calcium and magnesium) by turning them into tiny hard crystals which will not attach to pipes and other fixtures.  In theory, it’s a nice idea to be able to eliminate a salt requirement.   The problem is that there are a number of common minerals typically found in your Sudbury water supply that make these systems ineffective after having invested your money into this type of product.  Also, this approach does not create “soft water”, as they do not remove hard water minerals.  Therefore, you will not get the full benefits of soft water in your home.  In fact, calling one of these systems a water softener is really a misnomer.  The Water Quality Association has published a paper on water softening and Salt Free Water Softeners, please see the link at WQA Consumer Alert.

YOU CANNOT TEST THE WATER TO CONFIRM THAT A SALT FREE WATER SOFTENER IS WORKING

Salt free water softener Sudbury, MA

Water softener testing consists of measuring hardness levels before and after the water softener to make sure hardness minerals are actually being removed. This method cannot be employed with a salt free water softener as the hardness minerals are not removed from the water.  Testing will show equivalent hardness levels prior to water going through the system and after going through the system.  As a result of this, the only way you will know for sure if the hardness minerals are not building inside your pipes and other fixtures is if you see no evidence of this after months or years.  By then, your warranty period will likely be over.

IF WATER HAS MANGANESE OR IRON IN IT, WILL A SALT FREE WATER SOFTENER WORK?

Salt free water softener Sudbury, MA

DISSOLVED IRON STAINING

Different companies selling a purported salt free water softener have different parameters regarding levels of iron and manganese that they state will render the “Salt Free” Water Softener ineffective.  The highest allowable level in the published information we have seen is Iron at .3 parts per million and manganese at .05 parts per million.  For those of you living in Massachusetts, New Hampshire or Maine and have a private well, iron and manganese levels frequently exceed these levels.  In Sudbury, water test results have shown manganese levels that sometimes reach .07.  In this scenario, a Salt Free water softener is definitely not a viable option for you, even by the manufacturers’ claims.    For more information on Iron or Manganese, see the links at Iron Article in Water Technology Magazine or Manganese in Water Article in Water Tech.

For a full description of water softeners in general, please see the Water Quality Association link at WQA Water Softener info.

As a company in the water treatment business since 1989, we have seen and are presented with new water filtration technologies all of the time.  The ones we feel have merit we test in-house and then in the field before offering these products to our customers as viable solutions to their water quality issues.  If presented with a Salt Free water softener that we believed would work in Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Maine or anywhere our customers are located, we would naturally add the product to our warehouse.  To date, we have not seen such a product.  If you are looking for a water softener which reduces the salt level used in the regeneration process, there are technologically improved products that are available.  Additionally, there is one last option for your brine tank as an alternative to salt (sodium chloride) —potassium chloride. It may be used in place of salt (sodium chloride) in the brine tank to regenerate the softening resin.  Potassium chloride is 99.9% sodium free and an alternative for those who are looking to reduce sodium intake.  It is, however, more expensive than sodium chloride and not as efficient (approx. 30% less).  Therefore you will have to use more of potassium chloride in the regeneration cycle of your water softener.

SALT FREE WATER SOFTENER

H2O Care, Inc. is an established, regional water treatment company with over 9.000 installations in New England with offices in Middleton & Hudson, MA.  The company has been published multiple times in Water Technology Magazine on various water contaminant issues (see our publications section on our website,http://h2ocare.com/publications/.  Note: New Hudson, MA office opened in May, 2017 on Route 62 (Main St.).

RADON IN WATER REMOVAL IN CARLISLE, MA

REMOVE RADON IN WATER FROM CARLISLE WELLS

Radon In water Carlisle, MA

Radon in water is not a problem until the gas escapes the water as it enters your home through faucets, showers, bathtubs and washing machines.   As radon is a colorless, odorless, tasteless element, the need for a water test is all the more critical.  Radon is a radioactive gas which comes from the natural decay of uranium found in nearly all soils. Radon in water is a health threat that must be taken care of in your Carlisle, MA home.  To remove radon in water, a properly designed system that agitates the radon gas out of the water then vents it safely outside of the home is an effective approach to correcting this problem.

Remove radon from water in Carlisle,MA

Radon removal from water system

RADON will typically move up through the ground to the air above and into your home through cracks and other holes in the foundation, even ones you cannot see.  It can also get into your home through well water when you turn on your shower and other water using points inside your home.  Your home may trap radon inside where concentrations levels can build up. Any home may have a radon in water or radon in air problem; new & old homes, well sealed and drafty homes, and homes without or with basements.   Radon in water is not an uncommon occurrence in Carlisle wells.    (for more information about this topic, see the following link: Radon in Massachusetts).

Contaminant Guidelines by State (in pCi/L as of 7/7/2016)

Massachusetts = 10,000 pico curries/liter

New Hampshire = 2,000      ”                 ”

Maine = 4,000                        ”                 ”

Rhode Island = 4,000           ”                 ”

Common sources of Radon in the home:

1. Cracks in walls

2. Cracks in solid floors

3. Construction joints

4. Gaps in suspended floors

5. Gaps in service pipes

6. Spaces inside walls

7. In your water supply as gas is released into the air in the home.

Remove Radon from well water in Carlisle,MA

RADON STUDIES, RISKS & OTHER CONCERNS

The Massachusetts Department of Public Health Radiation Control Program performed a 1988 study in conjunction with the EPA. The data gathered from that study estimates that one out of four homes may have levels above the 4.0 Pico curries/L in air action level.  However, the only way to know if your home has a problem is to have a test performed.

The increased risk of developing lung cancer from radon is directly related to the concentration of radon and the length of time that a person is exposed to it. Radon is a Class A carcinogen and the second leading cause of lung cancer. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates that there are between 5,000 and 30,000 radon-related lung cancer deaths each year.  Radon is the number one cause of lung cancer in non-smokers.

Cigarette smokers have eight times the risk from radon as non-smokers.  Therefore, cigarette smokers in particular,  should keep their exposure to radon as low as possible.  If the home was tested in an infrequently used basement, it may have measured a radon level that is higher than the actual level you are exposed to, spending most of your time upstairs. People with young children should be more concerned with the possible consequences of radon exposure 20 years from now than someone in their late sixties or seventies. Families with a hereditary predisposition of cancer should be more concerned about radon exposure than families who don’t have any history of cancer.

Although no level of radon in water or air is considered absolutely safe, the USEPA action level for radon is 4.0 picocuries per liter of AIR (pCi/L). (pCi/l= picocuries per liter, the most common method of reporting radon levels. A pico Curie is 0.000,000,000,001 (one-trillionth) of a Curie, an international measurement unit of radioactivity. One pCi/l means that in one liter of air there will be 2.2 radioactive disintegrations each minute. For example, at 4 pCi/l there will be approximately 12,672 radioactive disintegrations in one liter of air, during a 24-hour period.)

The risk of developing lung cancer at 4.0 pCi/L in AIR is estimated at about 7 lung cancer deaths per 1000 persons, which is why the USEPA and IEMA recommend reducing your radon level if the concentration is 4.0 pCi/L or more.

Water testing in Carlisle,MA

Some common myths about radon:

MYTH: Scientists are not sure that radon really is a problem.

FACT: Although some scientists dispute the precise number of deaths due to radon, all the major health organizations (like the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the American Lung Association and the American Medical Association) agree with estimates that radon causes thousands of preventable lung cancer deaths every year. This is especially true among smokers, since the risk to smokers is much greater than to non-smokers.

MYTH: Homes with radon in water and/or in air can’t be fixed, or cannot be fixed economically.

FACT: There are solutions to radon problems in homes. Thousands of homeowners have already fixed radon problems in their homes.  Costs to remove radon can range from several hundred to several thousand dollars depending on the source, plumbing and venting considerations.

MYTH: Radon is only a problem in certain parts of the country.

FACT: High radon levels have been found in every state.

MYTH: A neighbor’s test result is a good indication of whether your home has a problem.

FACT: Radon levels vary greatly from home to home. The only way to know if your home has a radon problem is to test it.

MYTH: It is difficult to sell homes where radon problems have been discovered.

FACT: Many types of problems can hinder a home sale, but when the problems are fixed before the home is listed, the sales are not slowed down. It is the same for radon. All homes should be tested for radon, and those with problems fixed before being listed for sale.  Radon should be tested not only inside the home, but if there is a private well, testing for radon in water is imperative.  Radon in water is not uncommon in private wells in Massachusetts, New Hampshire or Maine.

MYTH: I’ve lived in my home for so long, it doesn’t make sense to take action now.

FACT: You will reduce your risk of lung cancer when you reduce radon levels, even if you’ve lived with a radon problem for a long time.

MYTH: Short-term tests cannot be used for making a decision about whether to fix your home.

FACT: Short term tests can be used to decide whether to fix your home, and for higher radon levels (8 pCi/l or higher) that is all that should be used. Keep in mind that, even though the action level is 4, this is not a “safe” level and that radon levels below 4 pCi/l still pose some risk. Radon levels in most homes can be reduced to 2 pCi/l or less.

Testing for radon in water can be a little tricky.  There can be absolutely no air bubbles in the water sample container and the sample should be tested within 24 hours of the time the sample was pulled.  A water treatment professional can assist you in this process and also help you analyze the lab test results.

Radon in water in Carlisle, MAH2O Care, Inc. is an established Massachusetts company formed in 1989 for the testing, analyzing and correcting of water quality issues.  The company has been published multiple times in Water Technology Magazine and other periodicals covering common regional water contaminants. Website is http://h2ocare.wpengine.com.  We can be reached by email at [email protected] or by calling 978-777-8330 or 800-539-1100 
radon in water n Carlisle, MA

Radon in water removal in Carlisle

RADON IN WATER REMOVAL – WESTFORD, MA

RADON IN WATER- WESTFORD

Radon In water Westford, MA

As radon is a colorless, odorless, tasteless element, the need for a water test is all the more critical. Radon is a radioactive gas which comes from the natural decay of uranium found in nearly all soils.   Radon in water is not a problem until the gas escapes the water as it enters your home through faucets, showers, bathtubs and washing machines.    Radon in water is a health threat that must be taken care of in your Westford home.  To remove radon in water, a properly designed system that agitates the radon gas out of the water then vents it safely to outside of the home is an effective approach to correcting this problem.

To remove radon in water, a properly designed system that agitates the radon gas out of the water then vents it safely outside of the home is a proven, effective approach to correcting this problem.

Water filtration - radon in water in Westford,MA

System to remove radon from water installed in basement

RADON typically moves up through the ground to the air above and into your home through cracks and other holes in the foundation, even ones you cannot see.  It can also get into your home through well water when you turn on your shower and other water using points inside your home.  Your home may trap radon inside where concentrations levels can build up. Any home may have a radon in water or radon in air problem; new & old homes, well sealed and drafty homes, and homes without or with basements.   Radon in water is not an uncommon occurrence in Westford wells.  (for more information about radon see the following link: Radon Info Link).

Contaminant Guideline Levels by State (in pCi/L as of 7/7/2016)

Massachusetts = 10,000 pico curries/liter

New Hampshire = 2,000      ”                 ”

Maine = 4,000                        ”                 ”

Rhode Island = 4,000           ”                 ”

Any home may have a radon problem from such sources as:

1. Cracks in walls

2. Cracks in solid floors

3. Construction joints

4. Gaps in suspended floors

5. Gaps in service pipes

6. Spaces inside walls

7. In your water supply as gas is released into the air in the home.

Radon in well water in Westford,MA

RADON STUDIES, RISKS & OTHER CONCERNS

The Massachusetts Department of Public Health Radiation Control Program performed a 1988 study in conjunction with the EPA. The data gathered from that study estimates that 1 out of 4 homes may have levels above the 4.0 Pico curries/L in air action level.  However, the only way to know if your home has a problem is to perform a test.

Radon is a Class A carcinogen and the second leading cause of lung cancer. The increased risk of developing lung cancer from radon is directly related to the concentration of radon and the length of time that a person is exposed to it. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates that there are between 5,000 and 30,000 radon-related lung cancer deaths each year. Radon is the number one cause of lung cancer in non-smokers.

Cigarette smokers have eight times the risk from radon as non-smokers.  Therefore, cigarette smokers in particular,  should keep their exposure to radon as low as possible.  If the home was tested in an infrequently used basement, it may have measured a radon level that is higher than the actual level you are exposed to, spending most of your time upstairs. People with young children should be more concerned with the possible consequences of radon exposure 20 years from now than someone in their late sixties or seventies. Families with a hereditary predisposition of cancer should be more concerned about radon exposure than families who don’t have any history of cancer.

Although no level of radon in water or air is considered absolutely safe, the USEPA action level for radon is 4.0 picocuries per liter of AIR (pCi/L). (pCi/l= picocuries per liter, the most common method of reporting radon levels. A pico Curie is 0.000,000,000,001 (one-trillionth) of a Curie, an international measurement unit of radioactivity. One pCi/l means that in one liter of air there will be 2.2 radioactive disintegrations each minute. For example, at 4 pCi/l there will be approximately 12,672 radioactive disintegrations in one liter of air, during a 24-hour period.)

The risk of developing lung cancer at 4.0 pCi/L in AIR is estimated at about 7 lung cancer deaths per 1000 persons, which is why the USEPA and IEMA recommend reducing your radon level if the concentration is 4.0 pCi/L or more.

Water testing Westford,MA

Some common myths about radon:

MYTH: Scientists are not sure that radon really is a problem.

FACT: Although some scientists dispute the precise number of deaths due to radon, all the major health organizations (like the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the American Lung Association and the American Medical Association) agree with estimates that radon causes thousands of preventable lung cancer deaths every year. This is especially true among smokers, since the risk to smokers is much greater than to non-smokers.

MYTH: Homes with radon in water and/or in air can’t be fixed, or cannot be fixed economically.

FACT: There are solutions to radon problems in homes. Thousands of homeowners have already fixed radon problems in their homes.  Costs to remove radon can range from several hundred to several thousand dollars depending on the source, plumbing and venting considerations.

MYTH: Radon is only a problem in certain parts of the country.

FACT: High radon levels have been found in every state.

MYTH: A neighbor’s test result is a good indication of whether your home has a problem.

FACT: Radon levels vary greatly from home to home. The only way to know if your home has a radon problem is to test it.

MYTH: It is difficult to sell homes where radon problems have been discovered.

FACT: Many types of problems can hinder a home sale, but when the problems are fixed before the home is listed, the sales are not slowed down. It is the same for radon. All homes should be tested for radon, and those with problems fixed before being listed for sale.  Radon should be tested not only inside the home, but if there is a private well, testing for radon in water is imperative.  Radon in water is not uncommon in private wells in Massachusetts, New Hampshire or Maine.

MYTH: I’ve lived in my home for so long, it doesn’t make sense to take action now.

FACT: You will reduce your risk of lung cancer when you reduce radon levels, even if you’ve lived with a radon problem for a long time.

MYTH: Short-term tests cannot be used for making a decision about whether to fix your home.

FACT: Short term tests can be used to decide whether to fix your home, and for higher radon levels (8 pCi/l or higher) that is all that should be used. Keep in mind that, even though the action level is 4, this is not a “safe” level and that radon levels below 4 pCi/l still pose some risk. Radon levels in most homes can be reduced to 2 pCi/l or less.

Testing for radon in water can be a little tricky.  There can be absolutely no air bubbles in the water sample container and the sample should be tested within 24 hours of the time the sample was pulled.  A water treatment professional can assist you in this process and also help you analyze the lab test results.

Radon in water in Westford, MA
H2O Care, Inc. is an established Massachusetts company formed in 1988 for the testing, analyzing and correcting of water quality issues.  The company has been published multiple times in Water Technology Magazine and other periodicals on common regional water problems  You can reach us by email at [email protected] or by phone 978-777-8330 or 800-539-1100http://h2ocare.wpengine.com

RADON IN WATER HOPKINTON, MA

REMOVAL OF RADON IN WATER

Radon In water Hopkinton, MA

As radon is a colorless, odorless, tasteless element, the need for a water test is all the more critical. Radon is a radioactive gas which comes from the natural decay of uranium found in nearly all soils.  Radon in water is not a problem until the gas escapes the water as it enters your home through faucets, showers, bathtubs and washing machines.    Radon in water is a health threat that must be taken care of in your Hopkinton, MA home.  To remove radon in water, a properly designed system that agitates the radon gas out of the water then vents it safely to outside of the home is an effective approach to correcting this problem.

To remove radon in water, a properly designed system that agitates the radon gas out of the water then vents it safely outside of the home is a proven, effective approach to correcting this problem.

Water filtration - radon in water in Hopkinton,MA

System to remove radon from water installed in basement

RADON typically moves up through the ground to the air above and into your home through cracks and other holes in the foundation, even ones you cannot see.  It can also get into your home through well water when you turn on your shower and other water using points inside your home.  Your home may trap radon inside where concentrations levels can build up. Any home may have a radon in water or radon in air problem; new & old homes, well sealed and drafty homes, and homes without or with basements.   Radon in water is not an uncommon occurrence in Hopkinton wells.  (for more information about this topic, see the following link: Radon Info link.)  

Contaminant Guideline Levels by State (in pCi/L as of 7/7/2016)

Massachusetts = 10,000 pico curries/liter

New Hampshire = 2,000      ”                 ”

Maine = 4,000                        ”                 ”

Rhode Island = 4,000           ”                 ”

Any home may have a radon problem from such sources as:

1. Cracks in walls

2. Cracks in solid floors

3. Construction joints

4. Gaps in suspended floors

5. Gaps in service pipes

6. Spaces inside walls

7. In your water supply as gas is released into the air in the home.

Radon in well water in Hopkinton,MA

RADON STUDIES, RISKS & OTHER CONCERNS

The Massachusetts Department of Public Health Radiation Control Program performed a 1988 study in conjunction with the EPA. The data gathered from that study estimates that 1 out of 4 homes may have levels above the 4.0 Pico curries/L in air action level.  However, the only way to know if your home has a problem is to perform a test.

Radon is a Class A carcinogen and the second leading cause of lung cancer. The increased risk of developing lung cancer from radon is directly related to the concentration of radon and the length of time that a person is exposed to it. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates that there are between 5,000 and 30,000 radon-related lung cancer deaths each year. Radon is the number one cause of lung cancer in non-smokers.

Cigarette smokers have eight times the risk from radon as non-smokers.  Therefore, cigarette smokers in particular,  should keep their exposure to radon as low as possible.  If the home was tested in an infrequently used basement, it may have measured a radon level that is higher than the actual level you are exposed to, spending most of your time upstairs. People with young children should be more concerned with the possible consequences of radon exposure 20 years from now than someone in their late sixties or seventies. Families with a hereditary predisposition of cancer should be more concerned about radon exposure than families who don’t have any history of cancer.

Although no level of radon in water or air is considered absolutely safe, the USEPA action level for radon is 4.0 picocuries per liter of AIR (pCi/L). (pCi/l= picocuries per liter, the most common method of reporting radon levels. A pico Curie is 0.000,000,000,001 (one-trillionth) of a Curie, an international measurement unit of radioactivity. One pCi/l means that in one liter of air there will be 2.2 radioactive disintegrations each minute. For example, at 4 pCi/l there will be approximately 12,672 radioactive disintegrations in one liter of air, during a 24-hour period.)

The risk of developing lung cancer at 4.0 pCi/L in AIR is estimated at about 7 lung cancer deaths per 1000 persons, which is why the USEPA and IEMA recommend reducing your radon level if the concentration is 4.0 pCi/L or more.

Water testing Hopkinton,MA

Some common myths about radon:

MYTH: Scientists are not sure that radon really is a problem.

FACT: Although some scientists dispute the precise number of deaths due to radon, all the major health organizations (like the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the American Lung Association and the American Medical Association) agree with estimates that radon causes thousands of preventable lung cancer deaths every year. This is especially true among smokers, since the risk to smokers is much greater than to non-smokers.

MYTH: Homes with radon in water and/or in air can’t be fixed, or cannot be fixed economically.

FACT: There are solutions to radon problems in homes. Thousands of homeowners have already fixed radon problems in their homes.  Costs to remove radon can range from several hundred to several thousand dollars depending on the source, plumbing and venting considerations.

MYTH: Radon is only a problem in certain parts of the country.

FACT: High radon levels have been found in every state.

MYTH: A neighbor’s test result is a good indication of whether your home has a problem.

FACT: Radon levels vary greatly from home to home. The only way to know if your home has a radon problem is to test it.

MYTH: It is difficult to sell homes where radon problems have been discovered.

FACT: Many types of problems can hinder a home sale, but when the problems are fixed before the home is listed, the sales are not slowed down. It is the same for radon. All homes should be tested for radon, and those with problems fixed before being listed for sale.  Radon should be tested not only inside the home, but if there is a private well, testing for radon in water is imperative.  Radon in water is not uncommon in private wells in Massachusetts, New Hampshire or Maine.

MYTH: I’ve lived in my home for so long, it doesn’t make sense to take action now.

FACT: You will reduce your risk of lung cancer when you reduce radon levels, even if you’ve lived with a radon problem for a long time.

MYTH: Short-term tests cannot be used for making a decision about whether to fix your home.

FACT: Short term tests can be used to decide whether to fix your home, and for higher radon levels (8 pCi/l or higher) that is all that should be used. Keep in mind that, even though the action level is 4, this is not a “safe” level and that radon levels below 4 pCi/l still pose some risk. Radon levels in most homes can be reduced to 2 pCi/l or less.

Testing for radon in water can be a little tricky.  There can be absolutely no air bubbles in the water sample container and the sample should be tested within 24 hours of the time the sample was pulled.  A water treatment professional can assist you in this process and also help you analyze the lab test results.

Radon in water in Hopkinton, MA
H2O Care, Inc. is an established Massachusetts company formed in 1989 for the testing, analyzing and correcting of water quality issues.  The company has been published multiple times in Water Technology Magazine and other periodicals for common regional water contaminants. See tour publications section on our website at http://h2ocare.wpengine.com.  Reach us by email at [email protected] or by phone at 978-777-8330 or 800-539-1100

RADON IN WATER BOXBOROUGH, MA

RADON IN WATER REMOVAL FROM BOXBOROUGH WELLS

radon In water Boxborough, MA

As radon in water is colorless, odorless, and tasteless, the need for a water test is all the more critical. Radon is a radioactive gas which comes from the natural decay of uranium found in nearly all soils.  Radon in water is not a problem until the gas escapes the water as it enters your home through faucets, showers, bathtubs and washing machines.    Radon in water is a health threat that must be taken care of in your Boxborough, MA home. To remove radon in water, a properly designed system that agitates the radon gas out of the water then vents it safely to outside of the home is an effective approach to correcting this problem.

Water filtration - radon in water in Boxborough,MA

System to remove radon from water installed in basement

RADON typically moves up through the ground to the air above and into your home through cracks and other holes in the foundation, even ones you cannot see.  It can also get into your home through well water when you turn on your shower and other water using points inside your home.  Your home may trap radon inside where concentrations levels can build up. Any home may have a radon in water or radon in air problem; new & old homes, well sealed and drafty homes, and homes without or with basements.   Radon in water is not an uncommon occurrence in Boxborough wells.  (for more information about this topic, see the following link: Article Link.)

Contaminant Guideline Levels by State (in pCi/L as of 7/7/2016)

Massachusetts = 10,000 pico curries/liter

New Hampshire = 2,000      ”                 ”

Maine = 4,000                        ”                 ”

Rhode Island = 4,000           ”                 ”

Any home may have a radon problem from such sources as:

1. Cracks in walls

2. Cracks in solid floors

3. Construction joints

4. Gaps in suspended floors

5. Gaps in service pipes

6. Spaces inside walls

7. In your water supply as gas is released into the air in the home.

Radon in well water in Boxborough,MA

RADON STUDIES, RISKS & OTHER CONCERNS

The Massachusetts Department of Public Health Radiation Control Program performed a 1988 study in conjunction with the EPA. The data gathered from that study estimates that 1 out of 4 homes may have levels above the 4.0 Pico curries/L in air action level.  However, the only way to know if your home has a problem is to perform a test.

Radon is a Class A carcinogen and the second leading cause of lung cancer. The increased risk of developing lung cancer from radon is directly related to the concentration of radon and the length of time that a person is exposed to it. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates that there are between 5,000 and 30,000 radon-related lung cancer deaths each year. Radon is the number one cause of lung cancer in non-smokers.

Cigarette smokers have eight times the risk from radon as non-smokers.  Therefore, cigarette smokers in particular,  should keep their exposure to radon as low as possible.  If the home was tested in an infrequently used basement, it may have measured a radon level that is higher than the actual level you are exposed to, spending most of your time upstairs. People with young children should be more concerned with the possible consequences of radon exposure 20 years from now than someone in their late sixties or seventies. Families with a hereditary predisposition of cancer should be more concerned about radon exposure than families who don’t have any history of cancer.

Although no level of radon in water or air is considered absolutely safe, the USEPA action level for radon is 4.0 picocuries per liter of AIR (pCi/L). (pCi/l= picocuries per liter, the most common method of reporting radon levels. A pico Curie is 0.000,000,000,001 (one-trillionth) of a Curie, an international measurement unit of radioactivity. One pCi/l means that in one liter of air there will be 2.2 radioactive disintegrations each minute. For example, at 4 pCi/l there will be approximately 12,672 radioactive disintegrations in one liter of air, during a 24-hour period.)

The risk of developing lung cancer at 4.0 pCi/L in AIR is estimated at about 7 lung cancer deaths per 1000 persons, which is why the USEPA and IEMA recommend reducing your radon level if the concentration is 4.0 pCi/L or more.

Water testing Boxborough,MA

Some common myths about radon:

MYTH: Scientists are not sure that radon really is a problem.

FACT: Although some scientists dispute the precise number of deaths due to radon, all the major health organizations (like the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the American Lung Association and the American Medical Association) agree with estimates that radon causes thousands of preventable lung cancer deaths every year. This is especially true among smokers, since the risk to smokers is much greater than to non-smokers.

MYTH: Homes with radon in water and/or in air can’t be fixed, or cannot be fixed economically.

FACT: There are solutions to radon problems in homes. Thousands of homeowners have already fixed radon problems in their homes.  Costs to remove radon can range from several hundred to several thousand dollars depending on the source, plumbing and venting considerations.

MYTH: Radon is only a problem in certain parts of the country.

FACT: High radon levels have been found in every state.

MYTH: A neighbor’s test result is a good indication of whether your home has a problem.

FACT: Radon levels vary greatly from home to home. The only way to know if your home has a radon problem is to test it.

MYTH: It is difficult to sell homes where radon problems have been discovered.

FACT: Many types of problems can hinder a home sale, but when the problems are fixed before the home is listed, the sales are not slowed down. It is the same for radon. All homes should be tested for radon, and those with problems fixed before being listed for sale.  Radon should be tested not only inside the home, but if there is a private well, testing for radon in water is imperative.  Radon in water is not uncommon in private wells in Massachusetts, New Hampshire or Maine.

MYTH: I’ve lived in my home for so long, it doesn’t make sense to take action now.

FACT: You will reduce your risk of lung cancer when you reduce radon levels, even if you’ve lived with a radon problem for a long time.

MYTH: Short-term tests cannot be used for making a decision about whether to fix your home.

FACT: Short term tests can be used to decide whether to fix your home, and for higher radon levels (8 pCi/l or higher) that is all that should be used. Keep in mind that, even though the action level is 4, this is not a “safe” level and that radon levels below 4 pCi/l still pose some risk. Radon levels in most homes can be reduced to 2 pCi/l or less.

Testing for radon in water can be a little tricky.  There can be absolutely no air bubbles in the water sample container and the sample should be tested within 24 hours of the time the sample was pulled.  A water treatment professional can assist you in this process and also help you analyze the lab test results.

Radon in water in boxborough, MA
H2O Care, Inc. is a Massachusetts company formed in 1988 for the testing, analyzing and correcting of water quality issues.  The company has been published multiple times in Water Technology Magazine and other periodicals on common regional water problems. See our publications section on the website:  http://h2ocare.wpengine.com.  Note: New Hudson, MA office opening on 439 Main St. (rte. 62) in May, 2017
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