WATER SOFTENER FOR TEWKSBURY

 water softener or water filtration in Tewksbury

WATER SOFTENER OR OTHER WATER FILTRATION OPTIONS

As a Tewksbury, Massachusetts resident, a water filtration or water softener system may greatly benefit your home’s water quality.   Whether you have a private well or town supplied water to your home, a properly designed and installed system will noticeably improve water quality.  Later in this write-up, specific contaminants that are commonly found in Tewksbury private wells and the public water supply are identified.  Additionally, various proven water quality improvement methods are covered as well. Desireable water quality is achievable with the proper approach, including testing, analysis & professional installation.  Water filtration system and water softener maintenance is also important to achieve continuing years of consistent high quality water.  Maintenance is also important to optimize the useful life of your water softener or water filtration equipment.

Where Does Your Public Water Supply Come From?

From the Tewksbury Water Department, the following is identified  in its 2015 Consumer Confidence Report; 

Where Does My Water Come From?  Source Water: Merrimack River-  The Merrimack River covers over 4,672 square miles between the States of New Hampshire and Massachusetts. The Merrimack River actually starts at Weirs Beach, Lake Winnipesauke. Because of the large recharge area the Merrimack River has a very large capacity to supply water even during extended droughts. Over the last 28 years the river has undergone a tremendous change as far as water quality is concerned. Upstream wastewater plants installed in the late 1980’s and elimination of hidden outfalls has contributed to the “B” classification of the river water.   To see the Annual Report, go to the link at: http://www.tewksbury-ma.gov/sites/tewksburyma/files/file/file/ccr_2015.pdf.

Water testing Tewksbury, MA

WATER FILTRATION OR WATER SOFTENER DETERMINED BY WATER TESTING 

If you have a private well, water testing should be conducted by an EPA or Massachusetts state certified laboratory and should include analysis for at least the parameters in the table below.  Depending on your specific situation, testing for a wider range of potential contaminants may be advisable.  If you are uncertain as to how to take a proper sample and get it to a lab, you should contact a lab or water treatment professional for assistance.  If your water is town supplied, they frequently test for health threat contaminants, therefore, an in-home water test can be performed on items such as iron, hard water minerals, pH or chlorine level.  Typical items tested for at a lab are as follows:

Coliform bacteria pH
Arsenic Radon
Chloride Sodium
Iron Sulfate
Lead Conductivity
Manganese Nitrogen-Nitrate
 Hardness Total Dissolved Solids

FREQUENTLY FOUND CONTAMINANTS

Common issues encountered in Tewksbury, MA private wells are manganese and iron along with low pH (see below for types of water filtration systems).  Additionally, some homeowners are surprised when their water test reveals the health threats radon and arsenic.  This is not uncommon in this region.  Even in the public water supply, you may notice symptoms of iron, manganese or low pH in the water.  For a chart of symptoms, causes and solutions, see the link at Common Regional Water Problems.

Tewksbury, MA Water filtration for low pH

DISSOLVED COPPER STAINING

 

Tewksbury Water filtration for Iron removal

DISSOLVED IRON STAINING

 

Hydrogen Sulfide is evidenced typically by a rotten egg smell in your water.  This may also be caused by high Manganese levels in the water as well. This problem is easily correctable with a water filtration system design specifically for this purpose.

ARSENIC IN WATER  remove arsenic from water in Tewksbury

The Arsenic maximum allowable level in drinking water per the EPA is .01 mg/L (miligrams per liter) or 10 parts per billion.  For more information on this see the link at http://www.mass.gov/eea/agencies/massdep/water-faqs.html

 

RADON IN WATER  Remove radon from water Tewksbury, MA

The current Massachusetts radon remediation action level is at Ten Thousand (10,000) pCi/L (Pico curries per liter) in water.  The radon must be removed from the water and it is also recommended testing the air for Radon gas as well.  Please note New Hampshire requires action if radon is only at 2,000 pCi/L. while Maine & Rhode Island actionable levels are at 4,000 pCi/L.  For more information on radon,  see the link at Radon Information

Water softener for Tewksbury, MA

WATER SOFTENER INSTALL AT POINT OF ENTRY

Water Filtration Systems To Remove Common Contaminants

A water softener is typically installed to remove hard water minerals, dissolved iron or manganese in the water with a technology called Ion Exchange.  If your water test indicates high levels of iron or manganese, an “upflow” water softener is highly recommended to reduce the chance of mineral accumulation in the lower section of the water softener.  Particulate manganese or iron (which you can see in the water) can be removed with a properly sized sediment filtration set up.  Other types of water filtration systems may be required to remove some of the other contaminants identified in your water test.  For additional information on manganese in water, see the article at the following link,  Manganese in Water Article in Water Technology.  For additional information on Iron in Water, see the article link at Iron Article in Water Technology Magazine.

Remove arsenic from water in Tewksbury, MA

ARSENIC IN WATER

Removing Arsenic from water is performed by installing water filtration tanks containing a specific media that grabs the arsenic out of the water.  The media inside the tanks have a limited capacity, therefore they must be exchanged out for tanks with new resin at appropriately determined time intervals.  A safe system will include a “lead-lag” set up with two tanks in line.  Once media in the first tank exhausts, the second tank will be in place to continue removing it.

Removing radon from water requires a water filtration system in which the water is agitated in a sealed chamber then vented safely to outside ambient air.  Other technologies and systems are used to remove other contaminants.  Any properly designed water filtration system should start with a water test before an informed recommendation can be made.

Remove radon from water in Tewksbury

RADON IN WATER REMOVAL SYSTEMS

Removing chlorine from water

You may notice odor and taste issues if your home is supplied by town water, typically associated with Chlorine.  Chlorine is used for disinfection purposes by the town to control microorganisms including bacteria and others.  Carbon water filtration systems are effective at removing chlorine and the associated taste and odors that come with it.  These systems can either be installed at the point of entry in your home, typically in the basement, or at a point of use for drinking water only.

Water filtration in Tewksbury, massachusetts

H2O Care is an established Massachusetts based water filtration and testing firm, formed in 1989.  Articles published by the Company can be seen in Water Technology Magazine or linked through the website publications section at http://h2ocare.wpengine.com.  You can reach us by email at [email protected] or by calling us at 800-539-1100.
 

WATER SOFTENER – WATER FILTRATION – BOYLSTON,MA

water filtration in Boylston

WATER SOFTENER / WATER FILTRATION SYSTEMS

WATER FILTRATION OR WATER SOFTENER OPTIONS

As a Boylston, Massachusetts resident, a water filtration or water softener system may greatly benefit your home’s water quality. Whether you have well water or town supplied water, a properly designed and installed system can noticeably improve water quality.  Later in this write-up, specific contaminants that are commonly found in Boylston private wells and the public water supply are identified.  Additionally, various proven water quality improvement methods are covered as well.

Where Does Your Boylston Public Water Supply Come From?

The following is from the Boylston Annual Drinking Water Quality Report:

SECTION 2 – WATER SYSTEM INFORMATION Information concerning water quality or source water protection can be obtained by contacting Mr. Scott McCubrey of the Boylston Water District at 508-869–2212 or our website at www.boylstonwaterdistrict.org. Meetings of the Boylston Water District Board of Commissioners are held the first Monday of every month at Boylston Municipal Light Department. Meeting times are posted in the Library and Town Office Building, and meetings are open to the public. For general information on water quality call the EPA Safe Drinking Water Hotline at 800-462-4791 or visit online at: water.epa.gov/drink. WATER SOURCES Sources of water for the Boylston Water District include a total of five (5) gravel packed wells. These include: Boylston wells No. 1 (PWS ID# 2039000-01G) and No. 2 (PWS ID# 2039000-02G) located off Route 70 northwest of the intersection of Routes 70 and 140, No. 3 (PWS ID# 2039000-03G) located adjacent to the Wachusett Reservoir near Scar Hill Road and Kendall Place, and No. 4 (PWS ID# 2039000-04G) and No.5 (PWS ID# 2039000-05G) located off Route 70 southeast of the intersection of Routes 70 and 140. All five wells are less than 90-feet deep, and draw water from sand and gravel deposits.

Water testing Boylston, MA

WATER TESTING & ANALYSIS

If you have a private well, water testing should be conducted by an EPA or Massachusetts state certified laboratory and should include analysis for at least the parameters in the table below.  Depending on your specific situation, testing for a wider range of potential contaminants may be advisable.  If you are uncertain as to how to take a proper sample and get it to a lab, your water treatment professional can assist you.  If your water is town supplied, they frequently test for health threat contaminants, therefore, an in-home water test can be performed on items such as iron, hard water minerals, pH or chlorine level.  Some of the typical items tested for at a lab are as follows:

Coliform bacteria pH
Arsenic Radon
Chloride Sodium
Iron Sulfate
Lead Conductivity
Manganese Nitrogen-Nitrate
 Hardness Total Dissolved Solids

COMMON CONTAMINANTS AFFECTING WATER QUALITY

IRON, MANGANESE & LOW pH

Water softener in Boylston, MA

DISSOLVED IRON STAINING

Common issues encountered in Boylston, MA private wells are manganese and iron along with low pH (see below for types of water filtration systems).  Additionally, some homeowners are surprised when their water test reveals the health threats radon and arsenic.  This is not uncommon in this region.  Even in the public water supply, you may notice symptoms of manganese, iron or low pH in the water.  For a chart of symptoms, causes and solutions, see the link at Common Regional Water Problems.

Boylston, MA Water filtration for low pH

DISSOLVED COPPER STAINING FROM LOW pH

HYDROGEN SULFIDE / ROTTEN EGG SMELL IN WATER

Hydrogen sulfide and sulfate-reducing bacteria are two forms of sulfur most commonly found in drinking water supplies. Both forms are nuisances that usually do not pose a health risk at the concentrations found in domestic wells, but can cause major aesthetic problems.  Hydrogen sulfide gas, which causes a rotten egg smell in water, occurs naturally in certain ground waters containing decaying organic matter, such as marshes, swamps, wetlands and river beds. It may be found in either deep or shallow wells. Hydrogen sulfide is often present in wells drilled in shale or sandstone, or near coal or peat deposits or oil fields.  It is corrosive to metals such as iron, steel, copper and brass. It can tarnish silverware and discolor copper and brass utensils. It can also cause yellow or black stains on kitchen and bathroom fixtures. Coffee, tea and other beverages made with water containing hydrogen sulfide may be discolored and the appearance and taste of cooked foods can also be affected. High concentrations of dissolved hydrogen sulfide also can foul the resin bed of an ion exchange water softener.

The removal of Hydrogen Sulfide is typically performed with either carbon filtration, aeration or ozone. The level of the gas detected will determine which method will be most effective in resolving this annoying problem.

OTHER BAD ODORS & TASTES

In addition to the above systems described, there are many other types of systems to remove bad tastes & odors such as fishy, musty, petroleum, metallic and other objectionable minerals and contaminants in the water. Starting with a water test will lead to the right approach. (see link at Common Bad Odors & Tastes).

HEALTH THREAT CONTAMINANTS

ARSENIC IN WATER  Remove arsenic in water Boylston

The Arsenic maximum allowable level in drinking water per the EPA is .01 mg/L (miligrams per liter) or 10 parts per billion.  For more information on this see the link at http://www.mass.gov/eea/agencies/massdep/water-faqs.html

Remove arsenic from water in Boylston, MA

ARSENIC IN WATER REMOVAL SYSTEM

RADON IN WATER  Remove radon from water Boylston, MA

The current Massachusetts radon remediation action level is at Ten Thousand (10,000) pCi/L (Pico curries per liter) in water.  The radon must be removed from the water and it is also recommended testing the air for Radon gas as well.  Please note New Hampshire requires action if radon is only at 2,000 pCi/L. while Maine & Rhode Island actionable levels are at 4,000 pCi/L.  For more information on radon,  see the link at Radon Information

Radon in water removal Boylston, MA

RADON IN WATER REMEDIATION SYSTEM

 

Water Filtration Systems

A water softener is typically installed to remove hard water minerals, dissolved iron or manganese in the water with a technology called Ion Exchange.  If your water test indicates high levels of iron or manganese, an “upflow” water softener is highly recommended to reduce the chance of mineral accumulation in the lower section of the water softener.  Particulate manganese or iron (which you can see in the water) can be removed with a properly sized sediment filtration set up.  Other types of water filtration systems may be required to remove some of the other contaminants identified in your water test.  For additional information on manganese in water, see the article at the following link,  Manganese in Water Article in Water Technology.  For additional information on Iron in Water, see the article link at Iron Article in Water Technology Magazine.

Removing Arsenic from water is performed by installing water filtration tanks containing a specific media that grabs the arsenic out of the water.  The media inside the tanks have a limited capacity, therefore they must be exchanged out for tanks with new resin at appropriately determined time intervals.  A safe system will include a “lead-lag” set up with two tanks in line.  Once the media in the first tank is exhausted, the second tank will be in place to continue removing arsenic.

Removing radon from water requires a water filtration system in which the water is agitated in a sealed chamber then vented safely to outside, sending the radon gas to ambient air.  Other technologies and systems are used to remove other contaminants.  Any properly designed water filtration system should start with a water test before an informed recommendation can be made.

 

 water filtration in Boylston, MA

H2O Care is an established, Massachusetts based water filtration and testing firm, formed in 1989.  Articles published by the Company can be seen in Water Technology Magazine or linked through the website publications section at http://h2ocare.wpengine.comNote: New Hudson, MA office opened in May, 2017 on Route 62 ( 439 Main St.).

WATER SOFTENER/ WATER FILTRATION FOR TYNGSBOROUGH

water filtration water softener Tyngsborough, MA

WATER SOFTENER / WATER FILTRATION OPTIONS

As a Tyngsborough, Massachusetts resident, a water filtration or water softener system may greatly benefit your home’s water quality.   Whether you have a private well or town supplied water to your home, a properly designed and installed system will noticeably improve water quality.  Later in this write-up, specific contaminants that are commonly found in Tyngsborough private wells and the public water supply are identified.  Additionally, various proven water quality improvement methods are covered as well.  Desireable water quality is achievable with the proper approach, including testing, analysis & professional installation.  Water filtration system and water softener maintenance is also important to achieve continuing years of consistent high quality water.  Maintenance is also important to optimize the useful life of your water softener or water filtration equipment.

Where Does Your Public Water Supply Come From?

From the Tyngsborough Water Department, the following is identified; 

Where Does My Water Come From?  Our water is purchased from the City of Lowell, whose water treatment facility treats and filters water from the Merrimack River; the Dracut Water Supply District, who furnishes water from the Frost Road well field in Tyngsborough; and also Pennichuck Water, whose water treatment facility treats and filters water from the Merrimack River and Pennichuck Brook.  For the annual report go to  http://tyngsboroughwater.org/

 

WATER TESTING & ANALYSIS    Water testing Tyngsborough, MA

If you have a private well, water testing should be conducted by an EPA or Massachusetts state certified laboratory and should include analysis for at least the parameters in the table below.  Depending on your specific situation, testing for a wider range of potential contaminants may be advisable.  If you are uncertain as to how to take a proper sample and get it to a lab, you should contact a lab or water treatment professional for assistance.  If your water is town supplied, they frequently test for health threat contaminants, therefore, an in-home water test can be performed on items such as iron, hard water minerals, pH or chlorine level.  Typical items tested for at a lab are as follows:

Coliform bacteria pH
Arsenic Radon
Chloride Sodium
Iron Sulfate
Lead Conductivity
Manganese Nitrogen-Nitrate
 Hardness Total Dissolved Solids

COMMON CONTAMINANTS

Common issues encountered in Tyngsborough, MA private wells are manganese and iron along with low pH (see below for types of water filtration systems).  Additionally, some homeowners are surprised when their water test reveals the health threats radon and arsenic.  This is not uncommon in this region.  Even in the public water supply, you may notice symptoms of iron, manganese or low pH in the water.  For a chart of symptoms, causes and solutions, see the link at Common Regional Water Problems.

BAD ODORS & TASTE IN WATER

There are many other types of systems to remove bad tastes & odors, sediment and many other objectionable minerals and contaminants in the water.  There are “point of entry” systems that will provide filtration for all of the water entering your home or facility.  Also, there are “point of use” water filtration systems that will provide filtered water at a sink or other single point of use, typically by feeding the filtered water to a designated, separate faucet.  Starting with a water test will help steer to the right approach for you. For more on bad odors & taste in your water, see the link at http://h2ocare.com/bad-odor-taste-water/.

WATER FILTRATION SYSTEMS & WATER SOFTENERS

A water softener is typically installed to remove hard water minerals, dissolved iron or manganese in the water with a technology called Ion Exchange.  If your water test indicates high levels of iron or manganese, an “upflow” water softener is highly recommended to reduce the chance of mineral accumulation in the lower section of the water softener.  Particulate manganese or iron (which you can see in the water) can be removed with a properly sized sediment filtration set up.  Other types of water filtration systems may be required to remove some of the other contaminants identified in your water test.  For additional information on manganese in water, see the article at the following link,  Manganese in Water Article in Water Technology.  For additional information on Iron in Water, see the article link at Iron Article in Water Technology Magazine.

Tyngsborough, MA Water filtration for low pH Tyngsborough Water filtration for Iron removal

ARSENIC IN WATERRemove arsenic in drinking water Tyngsborough, MA

The Arsenic maximum allowable level in drinking water per the EPA is .01 mg/L (miligrams per liter) or 10 parts per billion.  For more information on this see the link at Mass Report on Arsenic.  Removing arsenic from water is performed by installing water filtration tanks containing a specific media that grabs the arsenic out of the water.  The media inside the tanks have a limited capacity, therefore they must be exchanged out for tanks with new resin at appropriately determined time intervals.  A safe system will include a “lead-lag” set up with two tanks in line.  Once the media in t he first tank is exhausted, the second tank will be in place to continue removing arsenic.

Remove arsenic from water in Tyngsboro, MA

ARSENIC IN WATER FILTRATION SYSTEMS

RADON IN WATER  Remove radon from water Tynsborough, MA

The current Massachusetts radon remediation action level is at Ten Thousand (10,000) pCi/L (Pico curries per liter) in water.  The radon must be removed from the water and it is also recommended testing the air for Radon gas as well.  Please note New Hampshire requires action if radon is only at 2,000 pCi/L. while Maine & Rhode Island actionable levels are at 4,000 pCi/L. For more information on radon, see the link at Radon Information. Removing radon from water requires a water filtration system in which the water is agitated in a sealed chamber then vented safely to outside, sending the radon gas to ambient air.  Other technologies and systems are used to remove other contaminants.  Any properly designed water filtration system should start with a water test before an informed recommendation can be made.

whole house water filtration system for radon in water

RADON IN WATER REMOVAL SYSTEM

 

water filtration in Tyngsborough, MA

H2O Care is an established, Massachusetts based water filtration and testing firm, formed in 1989 with offices in Middleton & Hudson, MA.  Articles published by the Company can be seen in Water Technology Magazine or linked through the website publications section at http://h2ocare.wpengine.com.  Contact us by email at [email protected] or call us at 800-539-1100.

WATER FILTRATION OR WATER SOFTENER – DUNSTABLE

water filtration or water softener Dunstable, MA

WATER SOFTENER / WATER FILTRATION OPTIONS

Water filtration or a water softener system may greatly benefit your Dunstable home’s water quality.   Whether you have the town supplying water to your home or you have a private well, a properly designed and installed system will noticeably improve water quality.  Later in this write-up, specific contaminants that are commonly found in Dunstable private wells and the public water supply are identified.  Additionally, various effective water quality improvement methods are covered as well.  Excellent water quality is achievable with the proper approach, including testing, analysis and professional installation.  System maintenance is also important to achieve many years of consistent high quality water and to optimize the useful life of your water softener or water filtration equipment.

Where Does Your Public Water Supply Come From?

From the Dunstable Water Department, the following is identified; The DWD uses ground water as its water source. We have two wells located off of You may also direct questions to the Main Street that service the center of town. These wells are called Salmon Brook  or Well #1 and Well #2.  One well at a time runs, with the other used as a backup.  The wells are 90 feet deep, gravel packed, with the current capacity to pump 250 gallons per minute.  In 2015, the system included over 1 mile of water main, 102 services and less than 1,000 users. In the past 12 months, the wells have produced and delivered over 9.8 million gallons, an average of over 26,753 gallons each day.

Water testing Dunstable,MA

WATER TESTING & ANALYSIS

If you have a private well, water testing should be conducted by an EPA or Massachusetts state certified laboratory and should include analysis for at least the parameters in the table below.  Depending on your specific situation, testing for a wider range of potential contaminants may be advisable.  If you are uncertain as to how to take a proper sample and get it to a lab, you should contact a lab or water treatment professional for assistance.  If your water is town supplied, they frequently test for health threat contaminants, therefore, an in-home water test can be performed on items such as iron, hard water minerals, manganese, pH or chlorine level.  Typical items tested for at a lab are as follows:

Coliform bacteria pH
Arsenic Radon
Chloride Sodium
Iron Sulfate
Lead Conductivity
Manganese Nitrogen-Nitrate
 Hardness Total Dissolved Solids

COMMON WATER QUALITY CONTAMINANTS

Common issues encountered in Dunstable, MA private wells are manganese and iron along with low pH (see below for types of water filtration systems).  Additionally, some homeowners are surprised when their water test reveals the health threats radon and arsenic.  This is not uncommon in this region.  Even in the public water supply, you may notice symptoms of iron, manganese or low pH in the water.  For a chart of symptoms, causes and solutions, see the link at Common Regional Water Problems

Dunstable, MA Water filtration for low pH

DISSOLVED COPPER STAINING FROM LOW pH

 

Dunstable Water filtration for Iron removal

DISSOLVED IRON STAINING

BAD ODORS & TASTE IN WATER

There are many other types of systems to remove bad tastes & odors, sediment and many other objectionable minerals and contaminants in the water.  There are “point of entry” systems that will provide filtration for all of the water entering your home or facility.  Also, there are “point of use” water filtration systems that will provide filtered water at a sink or other single point of use, typically by feeding the filtered water to a designated, separate faucet.  Starting with a water test will help steer to the right approach for you. For more on bad odors & taste in your water, see the link at http://h2ocare.com/bad-odor-taste-water/.

WATER FILTRATION & WATER SOFTENER SYSTEMS

A water softener is typically installed to remove hard water minerals, dissolved iron or manganese in the water with a technology called Ion Exchange.  If your water test indicates high levels of iron or manganese, an “upflow” water softener is highly recommended to reduce the chance of mineral accumulation in the lower section of the water softener.  Particulate manganese or iron (which you can see in the water) can be removed with a properly sized sediment filtration set up.  Other types of water filtration systems may be required to remove some of the other contaminants identified in your water test.  For additional information on manganese in water, see the article at the following link,  Manganese in Water Article in Water Technology.  For additional information on Iron in Water, see the article link at Iron Article in Water Technology Magazine.

The Arsenic maximum allowable level in drinking water per the EPA is .01 mg/L (miligrams per liter) or 10 parts per billion. For more information on this see the link at DEP Arsenic Link. Removing arsenic from water for the entire home is performed by installing water filtration tanks containing a specific media that grabs the arsenic out of the water.  The media inside the tanks have a limited capacity, therefore they must be exchanged out for tanks with new resin at appropriately determined time intervals.  A safe system will include a “lead-lag” set up with two tanks in line.  Once the media in the first tank is exhausted, the second tank will be in place to continue removing arsenic.  To only remove the arsenic from your drinking water, a reverse osmosis purification system can be installed under the kitchen sink or in the basement to feed a separate faucet at the sink. Installing a reverse osmosis system at the point of entry to feed the entire home would be very expensive and not the recommended approach for arsenic removal.

Remove arsenic from water in Dunstable, MA

ARSENIC IN WATER REMOVAL SYSTEMS

Currently the Massachusetts radon remediation action level is at 10,000 pCi/L (Pico curries per liter) in water.  The radon must be removed from the water and it is also recommended testing the air for Radon.  Note that New Hampshire requires action if radon is only at 2,000 pCi/L. while Maine and Rhode Island actionable levels are at 4,000 pCi/L.  For more radon information see the link at Radon Link.  Removing radon from water requires a water filtration system installed at the point of entry, in which the water is agitated in a sealed chamber then vented safely to the outside, sending the radon gas to ambient air.  Other technologies and systems are used to remove other contaminants.  Any properly designed water filtration system should start with a water test before an informed recommendation can be made.

whole house water filtration system for radon in water

WATER FILTRATION SYSTEM FOR RADON

 

water filtration in Dunstable , MA

H2O Care is an established, Massachusetss based water filtration and testing firm, formed in 1989.  Articles published by the Company can be seen in Water Technology Magazine or linked through the website publications section at http://h2ocare.wpengine.com.  Email us at [email protected] or call us at 800-539-1100.

WATER FILTRATION FOR LITTLETON, MASS.

water filtration Littleton, MA

WATER FILTRATION SYSTEMS FOR IMPROVED QUALITY

As a Littleton, MA resident, you likely have the town supplying water to your home with water but may have a private well, both of which may benefit from water filtration or a water softener.  Later in this write-up, specific contaminants that are commonly found in Littleton private wells and the public water supply are identified and effective water quality improvement methods are covered.  Excellent water quality is achievable with the proper approach.  As is the case with many wells and water supplies in Massachusetts, there are certain common contaminants that find their way into the water supply.

WATER TESTING & ANALYSIS AS A FIRST STEP

If you have a private well, water testing should be conducted by an EPA or Massachusetts state certified laboratory and should include analysis for at least the parameters in the table below and potentially more depending on the situation.  If you are uncertain as to how to take a proper sample and get it to a lab, you should contact a lab or water treatment professional for assistance.  They can walk you through the steps required to complete this task.   If your water is town supplied, they frequently test for health threat contaminants, therefore, an in-home water test can be performed on items such as iron, hard water minerals, manganese, pH or chlorine level.  Typical items tested for at a lab are as follows:

Coliform bacteria pH
Arsenic Radon
Chloride Sodium
Iron Sulfate
Lead Conductivity
Manganese Nitrogen-Nitrate
 Hardness Total Dissolved Solids

COMMON CONTAMINANTS

Common issues encountered in Littleton, MA private wells are manganese and iron along with low pH.  Additionally, some homeowners are surprised when their water test reveals the health threats radon and arsenic.  This is not uncommon in this region.  Even in the public water supply, you may notice symptoms of iron, manganese or low pH in the water.  For a chart of symptoms, causes and solutions, see the link at Common Regional Water Problems

Dover, MA Water filtration for low pH

Dissolved Copper from low pH causing Blue/Green Staining

Dover Water filtration for Iron removal

Dissolved Iron Staining Bathtub

BAD ODORS & TASTE IN WATER

There are many other types of systems to remove bad tastes & odors, sediment and many other objectionable minerals and contaminants in the water.  There are “point of entry” systems that will provide filtration for all of the water entering your home or facility.  Also, there are “point of use” water filtration systems that will provide filtered water at a sink or other single point of use, typically by feeding the filtered water to a designated, separate faucet.  Starting with a water test will help steer to the right approach for you. For more on bad odors & taste in your water, see the link at http://h2ocare.com/bad-odor-taste-water/.

RADON IN WATER

Remove radon from water Littleton, MA

Currently the Massachusetts radon remediation action level is at 10,000 pCi/L (Pico curries per liter) in water.  The radon must be removed from the water and it is also recommended testing the air for Radon.  Note that New Hampshire requires action if radon is only at 2,000 pCi/L. while Maine and Rhode Island actionable levels are at 4,000 pCi/L.  For more radon information see the link at http://h2ocare.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/radon-removal-from-well-water-91015.pdf.  Removal of radon from water is identified below.

ARSENIC IN WATER

Remove arsenic in water in Littleton, MA

The Arsenic maximum allowable level in drinking water per the EPA is .01 mg/L (miligrams per liter) or 10 parts per billion. For more information on this see the link at http://www.mass.gov/eea/agencies/massdep/water-faqs.html.  Removal of arsenic from water is identified below.

 

Water softener for Dover, MA

Water Softener with Sediment Filtration installed in basement

WATER FILTRATION & WATER SOFTENER SYSTEMS

A water softener is typically installed to remove hard water minerals, dissolved iron or manganese in the water with a technology called Ion Exchange.  If your water test indicates high levels of iron or manganese, an “upflow” water softener is highly recommended to reduce the chance of mineral accumulation in the lower section of the water softener.  Particulate manganese or iron (which you can see in the water) can be removed with a properly sized sediment filtration set up. Other types of water filtration systems may be required to remove some of the other contaminants identified in the water testing section above.  For additional information on manganese in water, see the article at the following link  Manganese in Water Article in Water Technology  For additional information on Iron in Water, see the article link at Iron Article in Water Technology Magazine.  Hydrogen Sulfide is evidenced typically by a rotten egg smell in your water.  This may also be caused by high Manganese levels in the water as well. This problem is easily correctable with a water filtration system design specifically for this purpose.

Removing Arsenic from water is performed by installing tanks containing a specific media that grabs the arsenic out of the water.  The media inside the tanks have a limited capacity, therefore they must be exchanged out for tanks with new resin at appropriately determined time intervals.  A safe system will include a “lead-lag” set up with two tanks in line.  Once the media in the first tank is exhausted, the second tank will be in place to continue removing arsenic. To only remove arsenic from your drinking water, a reverse osmosis purification system can be installed either under the kitchen sink or in the basement feeding a line to a separate faucet at the kitchen sink.

Removing radon from water requires a system in which the water is agitated in a sealed chamber then vented safely to outside, sending the radon gas to ambient air.  Other technologies and systems are used to remove other contaminants.  Any properly designed water filtration system should start with a water test before an informed recommendation can be made.

Remove arsenic from water in Littleton, MA

ARSENIC REMOVAL SYSTEMS

Removing chlorine from water

You may notice odor and taste issues if your home is supplied by town water, typically associated with Chlorine.  Chlorine is used for disinfection purposes by the town to control microorganisms including bacteria and others.  Carbon water filtration systems are effective at removing chlorine and the associated taste and odors that come with it.  These systems can either be installed at the point of entry in your home, typically in the basement, or at a point of use for drinking water only.

CONCERNS REGARDING POTENTIAL LEAD IN DRINKING WATER

The following regarding the potential for lead in water comes from the Littleton Water Department website at http://www.lelwd.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/Lead-FAQ.pdf

Q: How often does LWD test for lead?

A: Our annual Water Quality Report summarizes the most recent lead and copper test results, and it shows the system complies with water quality standards. The state only requires LWD to conduct lead and copper sampling once every three years because past years’ results show little risk for lead contamination throughout the town. Read the Water Quality Reports here. http://www.lelwd.com/water-department/conservation-and-environmental-programs/ Q: How does lead get into drinking water? A: Untreated groundwater is often corrosive and can cause the toxic metal to leach into drinking water from lead pipes or solder if it is present in the system or a building’s plumbing. LWD takes the following steps to address and monitor this issue: – LWD tests regularly for lead and copper per state regulations, and our results are well within drinking water standards. The next routine sampling is scheduled for this summer. – LWD raises the pH of the water to a target level of 7.4 to minimize the potential for leaching of any lead in the system, especially in homes with lead solder in the plumbing. – LWD treats the water with enough chlorine to address any potential bacterial contamination, but not enough to cause corrosion. – A small amount of orthophosphate is added to form a protective coating inside the pipes, creating a barrier between any lead material and the water.

water filtration in Littleton, MA

H2O Care is an established, Massachusetts based water filtration and testing firm, formed in 1989 (formerly the Residential Systems Group of Atlas Watersystems).  Articles published by the Company can be seen in Water Technology Magazine or linked through the website publications section at http://h2ocare.wpengine.com.
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