WATER SOFTENER / WATER FILTRATION OPTIONS
As a Tyngsborough, Massachusetts resident, a water filtration or water softener system may greatly benefit your home’s water quality. Whether you have a private well or town supplied water to your home, a properly designed and installed system will noticeably improve water quality. Later in this write-up, specific contaminants that are commonly found in Tyngsborough private wells and the public water supply are identified. Additionally, various proven water quality improvement methods are covered as well. Desireable water quality is achievable with the proper approach, including testing, analysis & professional installation. Water filtration system and water softener maintenance is also important to achieve continuing years of consistent high quality water. Maintenance is also important to optimize the useful life of your water softener or water filtration equipment.
WATER FILTRATION SYSTEMS & WATER SOFTENERS
A water softener is typically installed to remove hard water minerals, dissolved iron or manganese in the water with a technology called Ion Exchange. If your water test indicates high levels of iron or manganese, an “upflow” water softener is highly recommended to reduce the chance of mineral accumulation in the lower section of the water softener. Particulate manganese or iron (which you can see in the water) can be removed with a properly sized sediment filtration for mechanical removal. Other types of water filtration systems may be required to remove some of the other contaminants identified in your water test. For additional information on manganese in water, see the article at the following link, Manganese in Water Article in Water Technology.
BAD ODORS & TASTE IN WATER
There are many other types of systems to remove bad tastes & odors, sediment and many other objectionable minerals and contaminants in the water. There are “point of entry” systems that will provide filtration for all of the water entering your home or facility. Also, there are “point of use” water filtration systems that will provide filtered water at a sink or other single point of use, typically by feeding the filtered water to a designated, separate faucet. Starting with a water test will help steer to the right approach for you. For more on bad odors & taste in your water, see the link at http://h2ocare.com/bad-odor-taste-water/.
ARSENIC AND RADON IN PRIVATE WELLS
ARSENIC IN WATER
The Arsenic maximum allowable level in drinking water per the EPA is .01 mg/L (miligrams per liter) or 10 parts per billion. For more information on this see the link at Mass Report on Arsenic. Removing arsenic from water is performed by installing water filtration tanks containing a specific media that grabs the arsenic out of the water. The media inside the tanks have a limited capacity, therefore they must be exchanged out for tanks with new resin at appropriately determined time intervals. A safe system will include a “lead-lag” set up with two tanks in line. Once the media in t he first tank is exhausted, the second tank will be in place to continue removing arsenic.
RADON IN WATER
The current Massachusetts radon remediation action level is at Ten Thousand (10,000) pCi/L (Pico curries per liter) in water. The radon must be removed from the water and it is also recommended testing the air for Radon gas as well. Please note New Hampshire requires action if radon is only at 2,000 pCi/L. while Maine & Rhode Island actionable levels are at 4,000 pCi/L. For more information on radon, see the link at Radon Information. Removing radon from water requires a water filtration system in which the water is agitated in a sealed chamber then vented safely to outside, sending the radon gas to ambient air. Other technologies and systems are used to remove other contaminants. Any properly designed water filtration system should start with a water test before an informed recommendation can be made.