Each home in Bolton has its own well on the property. All new wells must be approved by the Board of Health prior to any well drilling, and after drilling, must be tested to the approval of the Board. In many cases, some type of water filtration system or water softening will be required to remove health threat contaminants such as Arsenic, Radon, Nitrates or others. Additionally, water filtration or water softener systems may be desired to deal with the aesthetically displeasing affects of certain other minerals or contaminants that may be present in the water.
Water testing Before Water Filtration!
Water testing should be conducted by an EPA or Massachusetts state certified laboratory and should minimally include analysis for the parameters listed below. If you are uncertain as to how to take a proper sample and get it to a lab, you should contact a lab or water treatment professional for assistance. A qualified water treatment professional can test for certain items on-site while others will require a lab. The closest lab to Bolton, MA for having this testing done is Nashoba Analytical in Ayer, MA. Nashoba Analytical Website link. They can walk you through the steps required to complete this task. They are a reputable state certified laboratory. Typical items tested for, among others, are as follows:
Coliform bacteria, pH
As is the case with most water in Massachusetts, Bolton, MA has certain common minerals and contaminants that find their way into the water supply. There are tried and true water filtration systems and methods to remove these contaminants and provide you with really excellent water quality.
(For more information on hard water, see the link at the Water Quality Association website at Water Quality Assoc. website
Private Wells and Testing Responsibility
You are responsible for your own water testing if you have a private well. Testing should be done periodically. Speak to a water treatment professional or state certified lab for information on how often to have your well tested.
Having your own well usually entails taking some things out of the water, but not typically adding anything back into it (except in cases of low pH). The result should result in a high quality water result for your home. In fact, having your own well gives you control over your water supply more than if you were supplied by a public water supplier (and you don’t have to pay for the water). The common issues encountered in Bolton, MA private wells are manganese and iron along with low pH and sometimes radon and arsenic making their way into the water. If the testing results for Radon exceed the current Massachusetts guideline of 10,000 pCi/L in water, the radon must be removed from the water and the Board of Health recommends testing the air for Radon as well. It should be noted that tighter action levels are required in other states such as New Hampshire requiring action if radon is 2,000 pCi/L (pico curries per liter); Maine and Rhode Island are at 4,000 pCi/L. The maximum allowable level of Arsenic in drinking water per the EPA is .01 mg/L (miligrams per liter) or 10 parts per billion. For more information on Arsenic in water see the link at Mass.gov Arsenic Info. Additionally, see our article in Water Technology Magazine for more detail at http://www.h2ocare.com, and click on the publications link.
Effective Water Filtration Systems
Water filtration and water softener systems can be installed in Bolton for the removal of any of the contaminants listed in the above table and more. Water softeners are typically installed to remove dissolved iron or manganese in the water through a technology called Ion Exchange. Other water filtration systems, such as Sediment filtration will remove particulate iron or manganese in the water. Carbon filtration will remove chlorine and a host of other contaminants from the water, eliminating the odor and taste associated with it. Arsenic is removed with tanks containing a specific media that “grabs” the arsenic out of the water. Removing radon from water requires a system where the water is highly agitated releasing the radon gas from the water, but then vented outside the home to ambient air. Other technologies and systems may be required to remove other contaminants.
Any water filtration or water softener system designed should start with a water test before an informed recommendation can be made.