WATER SOFTENER? PUBLIC WATER SUPPLY OR PRIVATE WELL?
PUBLIC WATER SUPPLY SOURCES:
|Source Name||Source Type||Location of Source|
|Baddacook Well||Groundwater||On the south shore of Baddacook Pond|
|Whitney Well #1||Groundwater||On the east shore of Whitney Pond|
|Whitney Well #2||Groundwater||On the east shore of Whitney Pond|
Presently, the Groton water system has over 52.3 miles of water mains, 1,892 water accounts, 383 fire hydrants and three water supply wells: Baddacook Pond Well, Whitney Pond Well #1, and Whitney Pond Well #2. The Whitney Pond Well #2 is considered a redundant back-up well for the main Whitney Pond Well #1. The system’s original well at Baddacook Pond (constructed in 1897), still remains in active service today. Water is pumped from sources to the Chestnut Hill Water Storage tank. This 1.0 million gallon storage tank, constructed in 2005, is at an elevation of 516 feet above mean sea level. This water is considered to be moderately hard and the water is not fluoridated. (source: Groton 2015 Annual Water Quality Report). For the full report go to 2015 Annual Water Quality Report. As you can see, Groton’s public water supply comes from underground wells. You may see some of the affects of hard water as described further in this paper.
Having your water tested is highly recommended and will give you a clear course of action in terms of possible water filtration or water softener equipment needed to improve water quality or meet EPA standards for drinking water. Also, it is very important that a water test include radon in water and arsenic in water testing as these have high health threat potential. A water treatment professional can guide you as to the most appropriate water testing for your situation.
The following chart identifies hard water levels.
The primary hard water minerals are calcium and magnesium (the hardness minerals), while iron and manganese (“the stainers”) can also be found in Groton’s water, mostly in private wells. Depending on whether the contaminant’s form is in solution or particulate, these contaminants can be removed with a water softener and/or a properly specified sediment water filtration installation.
A water softener will improve your water greatly if you have hard water minerals, iron, or manganese in your water. If other impurities are confirmed in the water test, they can be removed with other types of water filtration systems. Water testing and analysis will determine the best course of action.
Washing your hair in hard water may leave it feeling sticky and dull. Dishes and glasses get spotted and a film may build up on shower doors, bathtubs, sinks and faucets. Clothes can look dingy and feel rough and scratchy. Hard water interferes with many cleaning tasks, from doing the laundry to washing dishes to taking a shower. Hard water can also cause a residue to build-up in pipes that can lower water pressure.
Calcium and Magnesium may have major affects on your home’s plumbing and your ability to clean, even though the EPA has no published limits on these. The maximum allowable level (per the Environmental Protection Agency) for iron as a secondary contaminant is .3 parts per million and for manganese is .05 parts per million. Small amounts of these minerals can have very noticeable, even damaging affects on your home’s water quality.
Water softeners vary, including up-flow versus down-flow which can make a big difference, particularly if there are elevated levels of iron or manganese in the water. Ask your water treatment professional to explain this. In some cases where the water chemistry is more complicated, a different type of water filtration system may make more sense to remove iron or manganese.
THE AFFECTS OF IRON, MANGANESE & HARD WATER
Scale from hard water can build-up inside water heaters insulating the temperature sensor inside the tank creating extra work to bring the temperature up to the set level. This reduces the life of your hot water heater and will likely require early replacement. Some other affects of these contaminants include corrosion and scaling inside pipes and major staining throughout the home’s showers, bathtubs, and sinks. For those using their well water for lawn irrigation, iron and manganese can cause major staining of walkways, siding and any place the water touches. See the link at http://h2ocare.com/lawn-irrigation/. Hydrogen Sulfide is evidenced typically by a rotten egg smell in your water, however this may also be caused by high Manganese levels in the water as well. A water filtration specifically for this problem is effective in correcting this.
WHAT A WATER SOFTENER REMOVES IN GROTON
A water softener effectively removes dissolved forms of iron & manganese and hardness minerals from the water. To remove particulate iron or manganese, water filtration utilizing a cartridge filter with proper micron rating will be effective. Depending on the situation, this could require a series of filters with different size micron ratings to handle heavier levels of different sized particles in the water. Selecting an appropriate micron rating and style of filter can be determined by a water treatment professional based on water test results and other symptoms. For more information on Iron and Manganese in water, see our published articles in Water Technology Magazine at the following link: http://h2ocare.com/publications/.