This paper reviews potential water quality issues as well as water softener (water softening) or other filtration options for residents of Rowley, MA. Most of this presentation is directed toward the public water supply, however, if you have a private well you may experience similar and/or other water quality issues. Being a private well owner puts the responsibility of water testing and water quality maintenance in your own hands. If you need assistance in determining proper testing parameters and intervals, contact a water treatment professional or state certified lab.
WHERE DOES ROWLEY’S PUBLIC WATER SUPPLY COME FROM?
The drinking water for the Town of Rowley comes from three groundwater wells located on Town-owned parcels of land within the Parker River Basin. Groundwater comes from rain and snow melt percolating through the ground and flows through the spaces between soil particles and through fractures in rock. paces between soil particles and through fractures in rock. Groundwater is vulnerable to contamination from many types of land uses and activities, including road salt, septic systems and improper disposal of hazardous materials.
HOW ARE THESE SOURCES PROTECTED? Mass DEP has prepared a Source Water Assessment Program (SWAP) Report for the water supply sources serving the Town of Rowley. The SWAP Report assesses the susceptibility of public water supplies. A susceptibility rating of high was assigned to this system using the information collected during Mass DEP’s assessment, due to the absence of hydrological barriers that could prevent migration of contamination into the Town’s groundwater supply. The complete SWAP Report is available at http://www.mass.gov/dep/water/drinking/swapreps.htm. You can also visit Rowley’s website http://www.rowleywater.com for more information.
For the complete Rowley Annual Report, go to the link at: 2015 Water Quality Report
WATER TREATMENT PROCESS BEFORE DISTRIBUTION (per the Rowley Annual Report)
Per the Rowley Annual Report, “Our water system makes every effort to provide you with good quality drinking water. Well #3 and Well #5 are treated and filtered through the treatment plant. We add sodium hypochlorite for disinfection to protect you against microbial contaminants, potassium permanganate for manganese removal, ortho-polyphosphate for sequestration of iron, and sodium hydroxide for pH adjustment and corrosion control. Well #2 is treated with sodium hypochlorite for disinfection to protect you against microbial contaminants, ortho-polyphosphate for sequestration of iron, and sodium hydroxide for pH adjustment and corrosion control.”
Water Softener / Water Filtration Systems
Water filtration or water softener systems can be installed for the removal of any of the potential causes of symptoms you may be experiencing. Water softeners are typically installed to remove hard water minerals (magnesium and calcium), dissolved iron or manganese in the water. Water softener technology is called Ion Exchange. There are different water softener designs and capacities and, depending on your specific water chemistry and volume usage, a properly designed system will work well. To remove particulate iron or manganese, a properly sized sediment filter is required. Hydrogen Sulfide is evidenced typically by a rotten egg smell in your water, however this may also be caused by high Manganese levels in the water as well. A water filtration specifically for this problem is effective in correcting this. Chlorine can be removed with a carbon filtration system and also remove bad taste and odor. For more information on Iron or Manganese, see the attached link for articles in Water Technology Magazine: http://h2ocare.com/publications/
Any water filtration system or water softener (water softening) recommendation should start with a water test before an informed decision can be made. This is important not only to figure out what needs to be removed from the water, but also to properly size the water softener or water filter. To determine what type of water testing to have performed and how to take a proper sample, call a water treatment professional or a state certified laboratory.
In summary, controlling your home’s water quality is attainable through proper water testing and water softener or water filtration specification. Proper on-going maintenance is also critical to maintain a consistent level of great water quality.
H2O Care is an established full service water filtration and testing organization, originally formed in 1989, based in Middleton, MA on route 114. See our written and published articles in Water Technology Magazine by going to our website, http://h2ocare.wpengine.com and going to the publications tab at the top of the home page. H2O Care has been installing and servicing water softeners and other water filtration equipment since 1989.