WATER SOFTENER & OTHER WATER FILTRATION SYSTEM OPTIONS
Whether you have a private well or are on town water, a water filtration or water softener system may benefit the water quality in your home or business. For Holliston Annual Water Quality Reports, see the link at annual-water-quality-report.
HARD WATER, IRON & MANGANESE REMOVAL
Hard water (Magnesium & Calcium), Iron and Manganese are naturally occurring minerals commonly found in New England’s water supply. Hard water is typically evidenced by white scale formation in showers, glassware, dishes and other plumbing fixtures. It can also make washing your hair and skin less than ideal as it negatively affects soaps, shampoos and detergents’ ability to clean. Additionally, it can have damaging affects on your home’s plumbing distribution system, hot water heater and other water using appliances.
IRON can show up in two forms; Dissolved in solution (ferrous form – clear water iron, can’t see until it stains) or precipitated (ferric) particulate iron which you can see in the water. Typical symptoms of iron in your water include Red/Brown stains in sinks, tub, dishwasher, laundry and/or Metallic taste. Iron may also show up in the form of Iron bacteria. Although harmless, iron bacteria can form gelatinous growths that my plug pipes or break free in slugs of dirty iron-laden water with unpleasant tastes and odors. The EPA drinking water regulations set a recommended secondary maximum contaminant level of iron at .3 milligrams per liter. The reason they call it a secondary contaminants is that iron isn’t considered a primary health threat. See the link at Iron Article in Water Technology Magazine for more information on Iron in water and related water filtration challenges. A water softener will be effective in removing dissolved iron from the water. A water softener will also remove hard water minerals and provide you with soft water for cleaning, bathing, etc.An “up-flow” water softener is recommended for water that contains high levels of dissolved iron as the contaminant can build up in the lower section of the softener over time with down-flow systems. A water treatment professional can explain this more fully. Sediment filters are effective in removing particulate iron from the water and would typically be installed before the water softener.
MANGANESE also shows up dissolved in solution or precipitated (particulate) which you can see in the water. Typical symptoms of manganese in your water include brownish-black staining in the dishwasher and other plumbing fixtures. Manganese may also show up in the form of manganese bacteria. Although harmless, manganese bacteria can form gelatinous growths that my plug pipes or break free in slugs of dirty manganese-laden water with unpleasant tastes and odors. The U.S. EPA drinking water regulations set a recommended secondary maximum contaminant level of manganese at .05 milligrams per liter. Manganese is also considered a secondary health threat, however at certain high levels, especially in children, can be a health threat. For more information on this topic, see the link at Manganese Article Water Tech Magazine. As with Iron, a water softener will be effective in removing dissolved manganese from the water. Also as with Iron, an up-flow water softener is recommended to prevent potential build up in the lower section of the water softener.
In addition to the above systems described, there are many other types of systems to remove bad tastes & odors, sediment and many other objectionable minerals and contaminants in the water. There are “point of entry” systems that will provide filtration for all of the water entering your home or facility. Also, there are “point of use” water filtration systems that will provide filtered water at a sink or other single point of use, typically by feeding the filtered water to a designated, separate faucet. Starting with a water test will help steer to the right approach for you. For more on bad odors & taste in your water, see the link at http://h2ocare.com/bad-odor-taste-water/.
TRIHALOMETHANES & HALOACETIC ACID
In addition to the above systems described, there are other types of systems to remove other contaminants in the water such as Trihalomethanes and Haloacetic Acid which may be present in town supplied water. If the levels of these are above a certain level, your town is required to notify you as they may have negative health affects depending on amounts and length of exposure. Activated carbon filtration is effective in removing these two contaminants from the water.