While there are serious health threats associated with ingestion of arsenic, there are effective and safe methods for removing arsenic in water. It may occur naturally and is a tasteless, odorless and colorless contaminant. Certain activities that could have also left residuals include apple orchard spraying, coal ash disposal, and use of some pressure treated wood. For detail on potential health affects, see the link at: http://www.who.int/media.
Primary forms of Arsenic in water are Arsenic III (AS III) and Arsenic V (AS V). Many removal media have low capacities for removing AS III from the water, therefore converting it to AS V (which is easier to remove) is a common approach. Determining the AS III versus AS V ratio in water is critical as this will allow the design and implementation of a water filtration system that will effectively remove it. There are methods to oxidize the AS III and convert it to AS V for ease of removal.
WATER TEST & ANALYSIS AND OTHER FACTORS
Having a complete laboratory water test and analysis, including parameters that can negatively impact arsenic removal media, is critical to a well designed, safe water treatment system that will remove the arsenic in water. pH can significantly affect Arsenic media performance along with other competing ions such as Iron, Manganese, Hardness, Vanadium, Sulfate, Phosphate, Silica, Total Dissolved Solids, Suspended Solids and Hydrogen Sulfide. For a full article on this topic which we’ve had published in Water Technology Magazine, go to our publications section and click on the Arsenic removal article at https://h2ocare.com/publications/.
WATER USAGE MONITORING
Determining water usage is also critical to designing an effective removal system that will have the proper capacity. Key information would include well pump size, well pump flow rate, size of the incoming water line, number of residents in the home, the number of bathrooms, space availability for equipment installation, electrical availability and water discharge location or restrictions, among others.
TRACKING WATER USE AFTER SYSTEM INSTALLATION
A couple of key components for consideration when designing a system to remove arsenic in water include:
- Utilizing a meter to track flow rate and total gallons processed is critical to determine the home’s water demand.
- Gallons used readings also assist in uncovering any potential leaks in the home such as running toilets, which will unnecessarily prematurely deplete the arsenic media’s capacity.
LEAD/LAG TANK DESIGNED FOR ADDED SAFETY
Because Arsenic in water is a tasteless, colorless and odorless contaminant, it is particularly important to have two tanks in series in case the first tank is depleted prior to scheduled service with your water treatment company. Service should be scheduled at intervals determined by the water use tracking data accumulated. This combined with appropriate water testing intervals are added safeguards to prevent Arsenic from getting into the treated water entering the home.