Hopkinton residents may require a water softener or some other type of water filtration system to improve water quality. There are proven methods to remove contaminants and provide you with excellent water quality. Prior to considering a water filtration or water softener system, water testing should be conducted and results analyzed. For more on water testing, see the link at http://water-testing/.
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IRON, MANGANESE, LOW pH, ARSENIC & RADON
Some common issues encountered in Hopkinton private wells are hard water, manganese and iron along with low pH and sometimes the health threats radon and arsenic in water. If the testing results for radon exceed the current Massachusetts guideline of 10,000 pCi/L in water, the radon must be removed from the water and it is recommended testing the air for Radon as well. It should be noted that New Hampshire requires action if radon is 2,000 pCi/L (pico curries per liter), Maine and Rhode Island are at 4,000 pCi/L. The maximum allowable level of Arsenic in drinking water per the EPA is .01 mg/L (miligrams per liter) or 10 parts per billion. For more information on this see the link at Mass DEP Arsenic Info.
There are various types of bad odors and tastes that you may experience in your water. Hydrogen Sulfide is not uncommon and is evidenced typically by a rotten egg smell in your water, however this may also be caused by high Manganese levels as well. A water filtration specifically for this problem is effective in correcting this. For a more complete description of this and other potential bad odors and taste in your water, see the link at http://bad-odor-taste-water/.
WATER FILTRATION & WATER SOFTENING SYSTEMS
Water softeners are typically installed to remove dissolved iron or manganese in the water through a technology called Ion Exchange, while particulate iron and manganese is removed with sediment filtration. Arsenic is removed with tanks containing a specific media that “grabs” the arsenic out of the water (see photo below). Removing radon from water requires a system where the water is agitated and contained, but then properly vented, sending the radon gas outside the home to ambient air (See photo below). Other technologies and systems are used to remove the other contaminants.