WATER SOFTENER TO REMOVE HARD WATER MINERALS
The composition of Harvard’s underground water supply can be very complicated depending on where your well is pulling water from and may require a water softener or other water filtration equipment.The primary hard water minerals are calcium and magnesium, while iron and manganese (“the stainers”) can also be found in Harvard’s water, mostly in private wells. Depending on whether the contaminant’s form is in solution or particulate, these contaminants can be removed with a water softener and/or a properly specified sediment water filter installation.
Washing your hair in hard water may leave it feeling sticky and dull. Dishes and glasses get spotted and a film may build up on shower doors, bathtubs, sinks and faucets. Clothes can look dingy and feel rough and scratchy. Hard water interferes with many cleaning tasks, from doing the laundry to washing dishes to taking a shower. Hard water can also cause scale build-up in pipes that can lower water pressure and cause other problems with water using appliances.The maximum allowable level (per the Environmental Protection Agency) for iron as a secondary contaminant is .3 parts per million and for manganese is .05 parts per million. Small amounts of these minerals can have very noticeable, even damaging affects in your home.
A water softener effectively removes dissolved forms of iron & manganese and hardness minerals from the water. To remove particulate iron or manganese, water filtration utilizing a cartridge filter with proper micron rating will be effective. Depending on the situation, this could require a series of filters with different size micron ratings to handle heavier levels of different sized particles in the water. Selecting an appropriate micron rating and style of filter can be determined by a water treatment professional based on water test results and other symptoms. For more information on Iron and Manganese in water, see our published articles in Water Technology Magazine at the following link: http://h2ocare.com/publications/.
OTHER AFFECTS OF IRON, MANGANESE & HARD WATER
Scale from hard water can build-up inside water heaters insulating the temperature sensor inside the tank creating extra work to bring the temperature up to the set level. This reduces the life of your hot water heater and will likely require early replacement. Some other affects of these contaminants include corrosion and scaling inside pipes and major staining throughout the home’s showers, bathtubs, and sinks. For those using their well water for lawn irrigation, iron and manganese can cause major staining of walkways, siding and anyplace the water touches. See the link at http://h2ocare.com/lawn-irrigation/.
WHAT WON’T A WATER SOFTENER REMOVE?
A water softener does not remove the health threat contaminants Radon and Arsenic which may be found in Harvard and will require different water filtration technologies. Arsenic in water can be removed at the point of entry into the home with tanks filled with arsenic specific resin that captures the arsenic before it can get into the home’s water supply. Point of use systems for drinking water can use reverse osmosis technology to effectively remove arsenic. Radon in water can be safely removed with an aeration system that agitates the incoming well water, releasing the gas from the water in a sealed chamber, then safely venting it to the outside ambient air. Speak to a water treatment professional to decide which system is right for you. For more information on hard water, see the link at https://water.usgs.gov/edu/hardness.html.