If you live in Westford, MA, there is about a 40% chance you have a private well supplying your home’s water and it may require some type of water filtration system or water softener. The good news is a properly designed, installed and maintained water filtration system will provide you with truly excellent water quality for your home or business.
In Westford, roughly 40% of properties depend on obtaining water from an onsite, drinking water well. The term “private well” is typically used for a well that provides drinking water for a residence. Private wells are regulated by the local Board of Health. For a link to the Well Water Regulations website go to Westford Well Water Regs
Westford’s Minimum Testing Requirements for Property Sales
The analysis for potable water wells drilled in bedrock must at minimum include:
Coliform Bacteria, Nitrate/Nitrite, Hardness, pH, Sodium, Chloride, Iron, Manganese, Lead, Copper, Arsenic, Fluoride, Gross Alpha Screen, and Perchlorates.
If the Gross Alpha Screen is elevated, a second water sample shall be collected and analyzed for Radon and Uranium. Based on advice from the well driller and/or laboratory, Radon and Uranium can be analyzed in water instead of Gross Alpha. For more information on water testing see below.
If you are on the public water supply, the following link can answer many questions that you may have about your water. See link Wesford Town Water Q & A
Start With Water testing
Water testing should be conducted by an EPA or Massachusetts state certified laboratory and should minimally include analysis for the parameters identified above. If you are uncertain as to how to take a proper sample and get it to a lab, you should contact a lab or water treatment professional for assistance. The closest lab to Westford, MA for having this testing done is Nashoba Analytical in Ayer, MA. Nashoba website link. They can walk you through the steps required to complete this task.
Private Wells and Testing Responsibility
You are responsible for your own water testing if you have a private well. Testing should be done periodically. Speak to a water treatment professional or state certified lab for information on how often to have your well tested.
Common Water Quality Issues in Westford, MA.
The common issues encountered in Westford, MA private wells are manganese and iron along with low pH and sometimes the health threats radon and arsenic making their way into the water. If the testing results for Radon exceed the current Massachusetts guideline of 10,000 pCi/L in water, the radon must be removed from the water and the Board of Health recommends testing the air for Radon as well. It should be noted that New Hampshire requires action if radon is 2,000 pCi/L (pico curries per liter), Maine and Rhode Island are at 4,000 pCi/L. The maximum allowable level of Arsenic in drinking water per the EPA is .01 mg/L (miligrams per liter) or 10 parts per billion. Hydrogen Sulfide is evidenced typically by a rotten egg smell in your water, however this may also be caused by high Manganese levels in the water as well. A water filtration specifically for this problem is effective in correcting this.
EFFECTIVE WATER FILTRATION SYSTEMS
Water filtration systems can be installed in Westford for the removal of any of the contaminants listed above and more. Water softeners are typically installed to remove dissolved iron or manganese in the water through a technology called Ion Exchange. Sediment filtration will remove particulate iron or manganese in the water. Water softeners will also remove hardness from the water. Arsenic is removed with tanks containing a specific media that “grabs” the arsenic out of the water. Removing radon from water requires a system where the water is highly agitated releasing the radon gas from the water, but then vented outside the home to ambient air. Other technologies and systems may be required to remove other contaminants. These systems are typically installed in the basement.
Again, any water filtration system or water softener installation should start with a water test before an informed recommendation can be made.
H2O Care is an established, Massachusetts based water filtration and testing firm, formed in 1989. Articles published by the Company can be seen in Water Technology Magazine or linked through the website publications section at www.h2ocare.com